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Tunnel construction procedure A cycle of steps
The construction and tunnel portalWith the support from top to bottom layered excavation hole slopes, and Myeong Dong, and permanent and temporary outside waterproof and drainage should be first, make the surface smooth water, avoid surface water erosion on slope. Is necessary to take artificial slope repair, prevent overbreak, reduce disturbance to the adjacent area; excavation slope will be used in the design of the door, reducing exposure to rock weathering, support to follow, within the jurisdiction for high slopes, if not timely, can not guarantee the safety, and many of the human condition waste,The lining must check and recheck side wall foundation Myeongdong geologic condition and the bearing capacity of the foundation, to meet the design requirements, measurement lofting, frame formwork support, assembling reinforcement, inside and outside the template, the first wall arch integral casting lining concrete, mixing pump into the mold, insert type vibrator with attached type vibrator tamping compaction device.For the construction of portal portal with cut bamboo, also for cutting bamboo cut, plane mounted wooden formwork according to the slope, the slope angle and side end die die fixed into a whole.The waterproof layer and backfillingAfter the completion of open cut tunnel lining strength up to 50% can be removed outside the mold, with a waterproof layer, each layer of backfill should be symmetrical on both sides of the height difference is not greater than 30cm, not more than 50cm, after re stratified backfill to the vault, filled to the completion of a good surface aquifuge.
What is the vault vault seal and dead seal please give a detailed drawing of the drawing bar do not know how to do?
The arch support is an adjustable template or a small template
A detailed method is introduced
5) the construction of open cut tunnel reinforced concrete structure construction is divided into two parts: first, the construction of inverted arch and wall foundation of reinforced concrete, to be part of the concrete reaches certain strength, stripping, cutting hair construction joints, and construction of the upper side wall and arch of reinforced concrete. The inverted arch and wall part of the composite steel formwork, artificial pouring, side wall and arch concrete construction formwork for the internal mold, and molded with combined steel formwork, formwork and external bracing to ensure stable, symmetrical pouring concrete, steel processing plant in processing molding, binding site. The concrete is produced by the automatic metering concrete mixing station, the concrete transport vehicle transportation, the concrete pump into the mold, the insertion type tamping device is compacted, and the arch wall concrete is completed once.6) water proof construction, laying waterproof layer, tunnel construction on the surface of concrete repair chisel flat uneven place to prevent damage of waterproof board. The weld quality of the waterproof board shall meet the requirements. If there is any defect, corrective action must be taken to meet the requirements.7) arch backfilling: Myeongdong vault above maximum backfill height 2m, compaction degree '93% fill in the top-level clay layer of water, the backfill surface of turf.Back fill both sides of the symmetry at the same time, the bottom of the wall filled with 0.5m ~ 1m thick gravel and compacted, and then the use of artificial layered backfill, layer by layer compaction. Careful protection of the waterproof layer during backfilling is not destroyed.The water layer of clay and the side, the slope of the lap is good, close to prevent surface water leakage.
How to design the general layout of the tunnel construction organization design
A very simple plane diagram, indicating the location of the tunnel, into the construction of the sidewalk and the construction of sidewalks, mixing stations and storage yard, air compressor unit location
There are no recycling tunnel templates
If you want another company for the recovery of tunnel two lining trolley, the specific type of price and the address of the template of the trolley that would be able to better the template of the trolley recovery, to play its due value template trolley.
How the tunnel template is calculated
The man's answer is analysis procedure of tunnel structure analysis of finite element modeling.The design of tunnel lining formwork and support must have enough strength, rigidity and stability. The utility model has the advantages of no convex concave, no deviation, no distortion, and the appearance of the concrete is regular and beautiful.
What are the steps? If you build a template, how to fill in the concrete. The tunnel is to dig all the generalist pouring, or digging into the side. Simply say. Better picture. In addition, we have seen a video, the shield machine to dig up the tunnel after the installation of a number of prefabricated panels, but these prefabricated plate is curved. Do not have to fill in a semicircle tunnel?
Pouring should be set up before the template, the concrete template will be about 50mm*50mm of the pouring bin.After the excavation of the shield, the top arch and the top arch of the casting template are separated, so you can see the situation similar to the arc.
How the arch of the tunnel concrete pouring up, how to support before pouring, using I-beam is directly support the earth?
The excavation of the tunnel face, slag, to the primary support system, first hit the bolt, then use steel or steel made of steel, installation support in tunnel contour, and then sprayed concrete (poor surrounding rock hanging steel mesh, then sprayed fiber concrete).