Building Bridge Tunnel formwork
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Building Bridge&Tunnel Formwork：
A compositional steel formwork system mainly used in the building which has regular structure
without beams, the excellent formwork system can make the integral pouring for the wall & slab
◆ No assembling, easy operation with formed formwork.
◆ High stiffness, make perfect shape for concrete.
◆ Repeatedly turnover is available.
◆ Widely applied range, such as building, bridge, tunnel, etc.
- Q:The tunnel has the super big pipe shed and the lead small conduit, is carries on the blasting excavation first or carries on the advance support first, has the anchor rod in the tunnel, this between the construction craft order is any
- Measuring and setting out the drill hole charge blasting, ventilation, smoke exhaust, water spraying and dust removing, the top of the vertical arch, the anchor rod and the reinforcing steel net, the spraying concrete operation enters the next cycle, and the first branch is stabilized and then the two lining is applied
- Q:In the tunnel construction, the water stop belt and the water stop strip are respectively used in what place, the construction joint and the subsidence seam many meters set a, above all has any function
- Fixed strip: the use of additional reinforcement fixation; special fixture fixed; the wire and fixed template (Figure 2), such as perforation, can only choose the installation area on the strip edge, not to damage other parts
- Q:A detailed method is introduced
- 5) the construction of open cut tunnel reinforced concrete structure construction is divided into two parts: first, the construction of inverted arch and wall foundation of reinforced concrete, to be part of the concrete reaches certain strength, stripping, cutting hair construction joints, and construction of the upper side wall and arch of reinforced concrete. The inverted arch and wall part of the composite steel formwork, artificial pouring, side wall and arch concrete construction formwork for the internal mold, and molded with combined steel formwork, formwork and external bracing to ensure stable, symmetrical pouring concrete, steel processing plant in processing molding, binding site. The concrete is produced by the automatic metering concrete mixing station, the concrete transport vehicle transportation, the concrete pump into the mold, the insertion type tamping device is compacted, and the arch wall concrete is completed once.6) water proof construction, laying waterproof layer, tunnel construction on the surface of concrete repair chisel flat uneven place to prevent damage of waterproof board. The weld quality of the waterproof board shall meet the requirements. If there is any defect, corrective action must be taken to meet the requirements.7) arch backfilling: Myeongdong vault above maximum backfill height 2m, compaction degree '93% fill in the top-level clay layer of water, the backfill surface of turf.Back fill both sides of the symmetry at the same time, the bottom of the wall filled with 0.5m ~ 1m thick gravel and compacted, and then the use of artificial layered backfill, layer by layer compaction. Careful protection of the waterproof layer during backfilling is not destroyed.The water layer of clay and the side, the slope of the lap is good, close to prevent surface water leakage.
- Q:How to fill in the tunnel template
- The template is firm and smooth, there is no error, such as leakage
- Q:What are the steps? If you build a template, how to fill in the concrete. The tunnel is to dig all the generalist pouring, or digging into the side. Simply say. Better picture. In addition, we have seen a video, the shield machine to dig up the tunnel after the installation of a number of prefabricated panels, but these prefabricated plate is curved. Do not have to fill in a semicircle tunnel?
- Tunnel concrete is completed by the way of edge excavation and lining. After the excavation, the shotcrete is used as the initial support, and then the reinforcing steel mesh is set up. Only after the two lining.
- Q:Main diseases and prevention of tunnel
- Insufficient anchor tensionPhenomenon: anchor installation is not strong, pulling force is not enough.The reason analysis: anchor length is not enough; mortar grouting is not full; mortar wrapped anchor thickness is not enough or not at all; holes in the debris is not clean; the depth of the hole with the length of the bolt is not matching.Preventive measures: the hole diameter should be matched with the bolt diameter; strictly according to design deep hole drilling; grouting pressure and wind pressure water rinse perforations; bolt rust, straightening, ensure the bolt and hole center line on the same line of installation; the hole from the bottom of the hole, uniform and continuous. Midway not interrupt; using earlystrong medicine package bolt, the bolt diameter should be treated with perforation diameter matching.
- Q:What is the simple calculation method of the tunnel excavation unit price
- Fully integrated unit price = labor + material equipment + + + + + + + management fees
- Q:Who can give me detailed tunnel construction process
- In addition, after blasting excavation contour line must be used with artificial picks excavation, fill hole hole blasting is prohibited, should use the diamond, completes the construction of temporary drainage hole, the pump discharge hole, quartz, mica schist will accelerate the loss of self stability in water immersion, and will accelerate the development of the formation of rock joints, if the groundwater pressure too much damage to increase support.
- Q:What is the vault vault seal and dead seal please give a detailed drawing of the drawing bar do not know how to do?
- The arch support is an adjustable template or a small template
- Q:What are the driving jobs in the tunnel
- The face, each step, invert, two lining, template positioning surveying
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