Aluminium for roofing application

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Aluminium alloys with a wide range of properties are used in engineering structures. Alloy systems are classified by a number system (ANSI) or by names indicating their main alloying constituents (DIN and ISO).

The strength and durability of aluminium alloys vary widely, not only as a result of the components of the specific alloy, but also as a result of heat treatments and manufacturing processes. A lack of knowledge of these aspects has from time to time led to improperly designed structures and gained aluminium a bad reputation.

One important structural limitation of aluminium alloys is their fatigue strength. Unlike steels, aluminium alloys have no well-defined fatigue limit, meaning that fatigue failure eventually occurs, under even very small cyclic loadings. This implies that engineers must assess these loads and design for a fixed life rather than an infinite life.

Another important property of aluminium alloys is their sensitivity to heat. Workshop procedures involving heating are complicated by the fact that aluminium, unlike steel, melts without first glowing red. Forming operations where a blow torch is used therefore require some expertise, since no visual signs reveal how close the material is to melting. Aluminium alloys, like all structural alloys, also are subject to internal stresses following heating operations such as welding and casting. The problem with aluminium alloys in this regard is their low melting point, which make them more susceptible to distortions from thermally induced stress relief. Controlled stress relief can be done during manufacturing by heat-treating the parts in an oven, followed by gradual cooling—in effect annealing the stresses.

The low melting point of aluminium alloys has not precluded their use in rocketry; even for use in constructing combustion chambers where gases can reach 3500 K. The Agena upper stage engine used a regeneratively cooled aluminium design for some parts of the nozzle, including the thermally critical throat region.

Another alloy of some value is aluminium bronze (Cu-Al alloy).

Aluminium foil acts as a total barrier to light and oxygen (which cause fats to oxidise or become rancid), odours and flavours, moistness, and germs, it is used broadly in food and pharmaceutical packaging. The purpose of aluminium is to make long-life packs (aseptic processing|aseptic packaging) for drinks and dairy goods, which allows storing without refrigeration. Aluminium foil containers and trays are used to bake pies and to pack takeaway meals, ready snacks and long life pet foods.

Aluminium foil is widely sold into the consumer market, often in rolls of 500 mm (20 in) width and several metres in length.It is used for wrapping food in order to preserve it, for example, when storing leftover food in a refrigerator (where it serves the additional purpose of preventing odour exchange), when taking sandwiches on a journey, or when selling some kinds of take-away or fast food. Tex-Mex restaurants in the United States, for example, typically provide take-away burritos wrapped in aluminium foil.

Aluminium foils thicker than 25 μm (1 mil) are impermeable to oxygen and water. Foils thinner than this become slightly permeable due to minute pinholes caused by the production process.

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Q:what is the best polished aluminum wheel cleaner?
Aluminum Wheel Cleaner
Q:Cardboard and aluminum questions.?
You are going to hate this answer: because the answer is: It depends. Without further details of what you are trying to accomplish its hard to know. 1: For instance if you are just trying to get small sheets of aluminum...cut off the top and bottom with scissors and one straight line down the middle. But if you are looking for something more accurate you may need to use a press or just buy sheets 2: Again, without knowing details its hard to say...perhaps you should use ducktap and layer the aluminium onto the cardboard like scale armor 3: you could use glue I guess....or do a weak weld...or if you scaled the aluminum then you wouldn't ahve to connect the aluminum to itself only to the cardboard. But it all depends on how quality you want the project to look...and what you want the end product to look like. But since you are talking about cardboard and cans I'm guessing scaling the aluminum with duck tape should work for you.
Q:how much aluminium is recycled per year?
45% The fact that they can be recycled to produce more cans means there is no excuse for many people to unaware of aluminum recycling. People should also be aware of the benefits that can occur from it. This has created a strong awareness of the recycling nature of cans and this has been a key factor in the growth of this area. In many canteens, dinner halls and corridors across schools and places of work there is a recycling bin. Wherever people can be found drinking from a soft drink can, a specific aluminum recycling bin can be found for cans to be placed in. Compared to the recycling of many other products, it is easier to find a recycle bin. The provisions for recycling soft drink cans have been more progressively tackled and many people are aware of the need to recycle soft drink cans. This has created awareness and knowledge about recycling and this has moved from school to the outside world. One of the major tactics of marketing departments is to target children and get them to pass the message through to all the family. This is usually done in a bad manner but it can also be done promote recycling. You may see people who go around picking up cans that are thrown away without thought and send them to a recycling center. There are some recycling centers that will make payment for numbers of soft drinks that are recycled. This is a way for people to make some money. It would take a phenomenal amount of aluminum recycling to make a fortune. However, it can help the environment and make a small amount of money back so many people can find the motivation to recycle. There are many places that could be a great source of finding soft drink cans that are thrown away: - School playgrounds - The beach - The car park - Parking lots - Busy streets The amount of products that are available to be recycled continues to grow but it is unlikely that they will grow to be more popular than aluminium recycling.
Q:How much is the aluminum plate shearing machine?
Aluminum plate is soft, want to blade better, or it is easy to cut askew, and the size according to type, shearing machine size, and there is configuration to set, Jiangsu Germany forging has sold as if
Q:Is aluminum foil real aluminum?
Elemental aluminum is far too reactive to exist in nature therefore it must be found in a compound with something else. Aluminum foil is actually made up of aluminum alloys. An alloy is a solid metal created by combining at least one metal with at least one other chemical. One classic example of an alloy is steel. Steel is mostly iron bonded to carbon atoms throughout it's structure. While aluminum foil is technically 92-99% aluminum, it is not pure (elemental) aluminum. Other chemicals that may be found in the alloys are typically other metals: copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon, and zinc. Other nonmetal chemicals may be found aswell like: oxygen (oxides), sulfates (SO4), Phosphates (PO4), and chlorides. You cannot buy elemental aluminum however since aluminum foil is generally 92-99% aluminum it is still a great source if you need aluminum as a reagent. Just for added trivia, the most common form of aluminum on earth is as the mineral Bauxite which is a hydrate of aluminum (Various forms of aluminum bonded to a hydroxide (OH) group such as Al(OH)3, and Al(OH)).
Q:how could i weld two sheets of aluminium together?
First you need a Tungsten inert gas welder (T.I.G. for short). The second step is to make sure the aluminum is clean. If you just bought it , and it looks clean ; it isn't trust me. Steel and aluminum are totally different in a lot of ways and that is one of them. I'm going to skip the safety instructions and shopping list , under the presumption that you already know the basics. Spray the area to be welded with acetone. rinse with clean water to remove lingering residue. then use a wire brush that has never been used on anything but Aluminum to clean the area. I'd go with a 4043 welding rod , it's a popular choice. Make sure to use clamps so that the 2 pieces of metal are squeezed tightly together with no gaps. (very important) I like to preheat my metal even if it's thin sheets , seems to come out better although it isn't usually called for in specs. side note ; If you have to step away from your work for more than 8 hours , you're going to need to re-prep it since it will have formed a layer of Aluminum oxide by that time.
Q:The white powder often found on objects made of aluminum is aluminum oxide. Al2O3?
1) Yes, indeed. Al₂O₃ is the correct formula for aluminum oxide. Because the ionic formula is Al³⁺ and O²⁻. (Aluminum has an oxidation number of 3+ ; and oxygen has an oxidation number of 2- . So a neutral ionic compound will have the formula Al₂O₃. Each element will take the number of the opposite ion.
Q:Still aluminum in stainless steel cookware?
Aluminum and titanium are lighter, but they are easier to scratch (due to non-stick coatings) and do not hold heat as well. Stainless steel is more durable and distributes heat better. You can also clean it with sand or ice without having to worry about scratching it. If you are going to fry with it, you will need oil since the food will stick without it. When I go ultra light, I use a jet boil with a titanium pot to boil water for cooking. When I want to go gourmet, I use the GSI stainless steel set.
Q:A copper-aluminum alloy has an aluminum concentration of (5.19x10^2) kg/m3.?
Densities: Aluminum: 2,710 kg/m^3 Copper: 8,940 kg/m^3 Basis: 1 m^3 of copper-aluminum alloy mass of aluminum in 1 m^3 alloy = 519 kg vol. of aluminum in the 1 m^3 alloy = 519 kg/(2710 kg/m^3) = 0.1915 m^3 vol. of copper in 1 m^3 alloy = 1 m^3 - 0.1915 m^3 = 0.8085 m^3 mass of copper in 1 m^3 alloy = (0.8085 m^3)*(8,940 kg/m^3) = 7,227.87 kg mass of the m^3 alloy = 7,227.87 kg + 519 kg = 7,746.87 kg %weight of aluminum = (519 kg/7,746.87 kg)*100% = 6.70% The alloy has 6.70% by weight of aluminum in it.
Q:Why is aluminium not extracted from aluminium oxide?
Well, de facto because the heat of formation of aluminum oxide is so much greater than the heat of formation of iron oxide. If you're looking for something more mechanistic, find Al and Fe in the periodic table. Al and Fe are in different rows, and Fe is larger than Al, so although Al+3 and Fe+3 have the same charge, oxygen bonds less strongly to Fe+3 than to Al+3 because it's further away from the nucleus of Fe. Al+3 has no outer shell electrons at all; 3s, 3p, and 3d subshells are all empty. It's effectively a charged sphere with nothing to interfere with bonding. Fe+3 (as in hematite, Fe2O3) is larger, has filled 3s and 3p subshells, and a half-filled 3d subshell. That 3d electron density projects pretty far out into space, holding oxygen at arms length. Aluminum has no electron density in 3d orbitals, so oxygen can tuck in nice and tight and get a good grip. Any of these hit the mark? I don't know what background you're bringing to this question.

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