Down Draft Popular in North Ameica Kiln Bauxite 85% of CNBM in China

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1.Structure of Calcined Bauxite Description

Bauxite (aluminous soil; Bauxite) is also called the alumina or bauxite, main ingredients are alumina, hydrated alumina containing impurities, is an earthy mineral. White or gray, brown and yellow or light red by iron.  From 4 to 3.9 g/cm3 density, hardness, 1 ~ 3 is not transparent, very brittle.  Very difficult to melt.  Insoluble in water,  soluble in sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide solution. Mainly used for aluminium, refractory material. 


2.Main Features of the Calcined Bauxite

Calcined bauxite is one of the principal ore of aluminum. Calcined bauxite contains hydrous aluminum oxides and aluminum

hydroxides, formed through the laterization of aluminous rocks in tropical and subtropical areas .Calcined bauxite is obtained by calcining (heating)superior grade bauxite at high temperature (from 85OC to 1600C) .This removes moisture there. By increasing the alumina content,compared to an alumina content of about 57%to 58% in raw bauxite, calcined bauxite has an alumina content of 84%to88%.The heating is carried out in rotary kilns. 

3.Main usage of the Calcined Bauxite

(1) aluminium industry. Used in national defense, aerospace, automotive, electronics, chemical industry, daily necessities, etc. 
(2) precision casting. Alumina clinker made after the mould precision casting processed into fine powder. Used in military industry, aerospace, communications, instrumentation, machinery and medical equipment department. 
(3) is used for refractory products. High bauxite clinker refractoriness is as high as 1780, chemical stability strong, and good physical properties. 


4. Calcined Bauxite Images


Down Draft Popular in North Ameica Kiln Bauxite 85% of CNBM in China

Down Draft Popular in North Ameica Kiln Bauxite 85% of CNBM in China

5. Calcined Bauxite Specification

Low Ferric ( 83 - 85 % Alumina / 3.0 % Fe2O3 )
Abbrasive Use ( 80-82 % Alumina / 4 % Fe2O3 / 1.5 % CaO)
BFA ( 83 - 85 % Alumina / 4 % Fe2O3 / 1.2 % CaO)
Refractory ( 83- 85 % Alumina / 3 % Fe2O3 )
General Grade ( 70-82 % Alumina / 4 % Fe2O3 )
Proppant Grade ( 78-82 % Alumina / 7 % Fe2O3 / 1.0 % CaO )
For Road Surfacing ( 78-82 % Alumina / 7 % Fe2O3 / 6.0 % SiO2 ) 
Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite ( 70-85 % Alumina / Bulk Density Minimum 3.0 gm/cc )
Shaft Kiln calcined Bauxite ( 70-85 % Alumina / Bulk Density Minimum 2.6 gm/cc )



Calcined Coal FC 90-95% for Steelmaking

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Q:What are the commonly used fire protection materials
Firewall. The fire wall is made of non combustible material, and is directly installed on the base of the building or the reinforced concrete frame or fire proof walls . Fireproof limit of the firewall, according to the current "building regulations", is 4 hours, wheras the specification of Technical specification for concrete structures of tall building is 3 hours. doors resistant to fire, heat in a certain period of time These door usually prevent the spread of fire and gas in the fire resistant wall, staircase, pipe well. Fire door can be divided into steel fire doors, wood fire doors and composite materials fire door according to the material used. According to the limit of fire resistance can be divided into the class A fire door (1.2h), B fire doors (0.9), class C fire door (0.6h); (3) fire window. Windows resistant to fire, heat in a certain period of time It is usually installed in the fire resistance wall or doors; the fire shutter. This roller shutter can be refractory in a certain period of time. It is typically used for heat and fire insulation in escalator with difficulties to install fire resistant wall, fire resistant valve and smoke resistant valve. Fire resistant valve is installed in the ventilation and air conditioning system of air supply and return air duct, usually in the open state, fire, It will be turn off when the pipeline gas temperature reached 70 degrees, can meet the requirement for fire resistance and insulation for gas and fire. Smoke fire resistant damper installed in the exhaust system pipe, when the pipeline gas temperature reached 280 degrees, it will close automatically, insulating fire and gas.
Q:The effect of a high content of water in liquid resin exerted on refractory material?
For one thing, Substandard whiteness, transportation, low quality and the storage of refractory material may account for this. For another, a high content of moisture reduced the performance of refractory material. A high content of moisture is equal to buy water with same money in terms of trade settlement. Based on this, we can’t consider the super-standard water content from a single aspect, because the water content in refractory material is definitely super-standard, and another problem is particle size. Many people hold the idea that excessive amount of water content may revive its original performance, but it tends to have influenced the quality of refractory material.
Q:What is the material composition of the new fire-resistant coating?
The basic composition of thick coating steel structure fire is: Binder (Portland cement, magnesium oxychloride or inorganic high-temperature bonding agent), aggregate (expanded vermiculite, perlite, aluminum silicate fiber, mineral wool, rock wool, etc.), chemical additives (modifiers , hardening agent, waterproofing agent) and water. Fireproof coating binders Portland cement, magnesium oxychloride cement and an inorganic binder of the fire-resistant coating for steel structure base material. The conventional inorganic binder include alkali metal silicates and phosphates substances.
Q:what's the requirements of refractory for forge furnace?
High temperature resistance, good slag resistance.
Q:Which are roofing fireproofing material?
(1) Foamed concrete is a kind of fire-proof thermal inuslation matertial featured by good fire resistance and thermal insulation. Besides, it is also characterized by excellent sound proofing, penetration resistance, easy construction, safety and environmental protection without toxin and pollution. (2) Foam glass is featured by light weight, small heat conductivity coefficient and water absorbption, non-inflammability, fire resistance, high strength, no moulding, corrosion resistance, non-toxin and stable physical and chemical properties and thus widely used petroleum, chemical engineering and underground construction. It is also featured by thermal insualtion, heat/cold preservation and sound absorbption and thus can be used for thermal insulation of external wall and roof of civil builduing. Foam glass is featured by stable chemical property, easy to be processed and not easy to deforme, and durable. (3) With slag, basalt and other natural ore as the main raw material, rock wool, mineral wool and its products are made by high temperature melting into fiber, and then processing with binder. It has low thermal conductivity, fire resistance, easy construction and good effects of energy saving and thus is highly cost-effective. (4) With phenolic foam material as main material, phenolic resin plate is made by foaming thermoset phenolic resin. It is featured by light weight, fire resistance, no burning in the air, no smoking, non-toxin, no dropping and non-embrittlement and thus is an ideal thermal insulation material used in HAVC projects. Due to its high obturator formamen rate, low heat conductivity coefficient, good thermal insulation, water resistance and water vapor permeability, phenolic foam is an ideal thermal insulation material.
Q:I want to consult the fire resistant level standards of external wall thermal insulation materials.
1, The thermal insulation material that has level A combustion performance: Spraying inorganic fiber, glass wool, foam glass, ceramic foam, rock wool, foam cement and perlite obturator, and so on. 2, The thermal insulation material that has level B1 combustion performance: Special processed extruded polystyrene board (XPS) / special processed polyurethane (PU), phenolic and polystyrene powder. 3, Thermal insulation materials that have level B2 combustion performance: Molded polystyrene board (EPS), extruded polystyrene board (XPS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene (PE), etc. See article 4.3.6 in the 2009 edition construction technical measures. Level A insulation material is just for fire protection, so its thermal insulation performance is worse than the organic XPS or EPS materials. Hope this will help you.
Q:What are the characteristics of magnesium fireproof plate
Glass magnesium fire resistance plate is fire proof, water proof, noise insulative, heat perservative, non-toxic and tasteless, corrosion proof, easy for construction, can be sawed and nailed and have a wide range of applications as well as long service life. These advantages allow it to be widely used in construction, decoration, fire protection and be the best material to replace is to replace plywoods, MDF, particleboard, gypsum board. It is a key environmental building materials recommended by national association of construction and decoration. 1 superior fire resistance performance. 2 weather fastness, long service life. 3. light weight and anti-seismic 4 high toughness, good impact resistance and compression resistance. 5 green and environmental 6 economical 7 sound insulative and heat insulative 8 convenient for processing and easy for construction.
Q:What are the requirements for the performance of refractory materials?
Performance requirements for electric furnace lining refractory: 1, sufficient refractoriness and softening point. Because of eletric arc, the inner surface temperature of lining can be as high as 1500 to 1800 degree. 2, strong resistance to slag. Because the dust penetrate into the furnace through pore lining, and the refractory material subject to loss, leading to spalling. 3, good thermal and shock resistance. Because during steelmaking, opening door and lifting of the furnace will lead to sudden changes in the temperature of the furnace lining refractory material, so spalling and cracking may occur, damaging the lining premature. 4, enough strength, because the lining is impact during charging, tilted when vibration,and eroded by metal, slag and airflow. 5, the thermal conductivity shall be small, and the conductivity shall be low. The commonly used furnace refractories are dolomite brick, magnesia brick, high alumina brick, silica brick and magnesia ramming etc.. Because of different working conditions of the various parts of the furnace, the refractory materials are not the same.
Q:How long is the fire endurance of fire resistant rolling shutter door?
According to fire endurance, fire doors can be divided into Class A, Class B and Class C fire doors, whose fire resistance should be no less than 1.20h, 0.90h and 0.60h respectively. You can use fire resisting shutters to seperate fire compartments in places where it is difficult to set firewalls. When using the fire resisting shutter with unexposed surface temperature rise as fire endurance conditions, its fire endurance should be no less than 3h. But when using the fire resisting shutter without unexposed surface temperature rise as fire endurance conditions, you should set independent protection of closed automatic water spray system at two sides of the shutter, and the duration of water spraying should be no less than 3.0h. I hope it's useful.
Q:What is carbon composite refractories? I hope that the answer is in detail.

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