Popular in North Ameica Kiln Bauxite 85% of CNBM in China

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1.Structure of Calcined Bauxite Description

Bauxite (aluminous soil; Bauxite) is also called the alumina or bauxite, main ingredients are alumina, hydrated alumina containing impurities, is an earthy mineral. White or gray, brown and yellow or light red by iron.  From 4 to 3.9 g/cm3 density, hardness, 1 ~ 3 is not transparent, very brittle.  Very difficult to melt.  Insoluble in water,  soluble in sulfuric acid, sodium hydroxide solution. Mainly used for aluminium, refractory material. 

 

2.Main Features of the Calcined Bauxite

Calcined bauxite is one of the principal ore of aluminum. Calcined bauxite contains hydrous aluminum oxides and aluminum

hydroxides, formed through the laterization of aluminous rocks in tropical and subtropical areas .Calcined bauxite is obtained by calcining (heating)superior grade bauxite at high temperature (from 85OC to 1600C) .This removes moisture there. By increasing the alumina content,compared to an alumina content of about 57%to 58% in raw bauxite, calcined bauxite has an alumina content of 84%to88%.The heating is carried out in rotary kilns. 

3.Main usage of the Calcined Bauxite

(1) aluminium industry. Used in national defense, aerospace, automotive, electronics, chemical industry, daily necessities, etc. 
(2) precision casting. Alumina clinker made after the mould precision casting processed into fine powder. Used in military industry, aerospace, communications, instrumentation, machinery and medical equipment department. 
(3) is used for refractory products. High bauxite clinker refractoriness is as high as 1780, chemical stability strong, and good physical properties. 
(4) aluminum silicate refractory fiber. With light weight, high temperature resistance, good thermal stability, low thermal conductivity, heat capacity is small and the advantages of resistance to mechanical shock. Used in iron and steel, nonferrous metallurgy, electronics, petroleum, chemical, aerospace, atomic energy, defense and other industries. 
(5)  in magnesia and bauxite clinker as raw materials, add the appropriate binder, used for pouring ladle whole ladle lining has particularly good effects. 
(6)   manufacture alumina cement, abrasive materials, ceramic industry and chemical industry can be aluminum of various compound.

 

4. Calcined Bauxite Images

 

Popular in North Ameica Kiln Bauxite 85% of CNBM in China

Popular in North Ameica Kiln Bauxite 85% of CNBM in China

5. Calcined Bauxite Specification

 

Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite SEMI L.F Specification : Al2O3 : 83.00 + % Fe2O3 : 3.5 % SIO2 : 5 To 6% Cao : 2.5% TIO2 : 4 % , Size : 0-1MM OR 1-3MM

Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite G.G.NO.1 Specification : Al2O3 : 80.00 + % Fe2O3 : 3.8 % SIO2 : 6 To 8% Cao : 2.2 To 2.5% TIO2 : 5 To 6 % , 0-1MM OR 1-3MM

Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite G.G No.2 Specification : Al2O3 : 78 % Fe2O3 : 4 TO 4.2% SIO2 : 8 To 9 % TIO2 : 6.00 % Cao : 2.50 % , Size : 0-1MM OR 1-3MM

Rotary Kiln Calcined Bauxite G.G No.3 Specification : Al2O3 : 75 % Fe2O3 : 4 TO 4.5% SIO2 : 9 To 11 % TIO2 : 5.00 % Cao : 3.00 % Size : 0-1MM OR 1-3MM

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Q:What kind of refractory bricks material is best?
1, high alumina brick: The content of Al2O3 is more than 75. The refractoriness is higher than the clay brick. It has good resistance to acid, alkali and erosion and is suitable for cement kiln calcining zone and other places. It has long operation life, but the price is high. 2. dolomite brick: Formation of coating has good performance, good corrosion resistance, but f-CaO is contained in bricks. It is hydratable and difficult to transport and keep, so it is less used in the production. 3. magnesia-chrome bricks: It has good formation of coating and is used for burning zone. The disadvantage is poor thermal shock resistant performance. Besides, positive Hexavalent Cr is highly toxic. Countries that produce and use magnesia-chrome bricks gradually decrease on the international. Now production units using this brick should find alternatives as soon as possible. 4. spinel brick: It is often used in transitional zone and has good seismic performance, good reduction resistance, but refractoriness is a little bit poor. 5. anti-stripping brick: This brick contains a small amount of ZrO. Martensite phase transformation happens to form thin crack during temperature-rise period. It has strong alkali resistance, anti-stripping performance and good slag resistance. 6. phosphate brick: It has low refractoriness, but it has strong strength and good shock resistance. It is often used in grate cooler, hot kiln hood, etc. 7. carborundum brick: It has high temperature resistance(1800 degree, softening temperature under a fixed load is 1620-1640), small coefficient of thermal expansion, high cold-resistance heat-resistance, abrasion resistance. It is suitable for cooling zone and kilneye. 8. silmo brick: It has good thermal shock resistance, high strength, good abrasion resistance, and is suitable for transitional belt.
Q:How to divide the fire rating standards of insulation materials?
1. According to the GB8624-97 national standard, building materials can be divided into following levels in terms of combustion performance. A-level: Non-combustible building materials: Materials almost don't burn. B1-level: Fire-retardant building materials: Fire-retardant materials are good at resisting flame. It is difficult for them to burst into fire when coming across open fire in the air or at high temperature. It will not quickly get wilder and when the fire source removes, it will be extinguished immediately. B2-level: Combustible building materials: Combustible building materials can play a certain role in preventing combustion. It will immediately burst into flames when coming across open fire or at high temperature, and will lead to fire spreading, such as wooden pillars, roof frames and beams as well as stairs. B3-level: Inflammable building materials: Inflammable building materials are highly flammable with no flame retardant ability. The fire risk is high. 2.The exterior wall thermal insulation materials can be classified according to fire rating. 1. Insulation materials with A-level combustion performance: rock wool, glass wool, foam glass, ceramic foam, foam cement, close-celled perlite, etc. 2. The insulation materials with B1-level combustion performance: specially-treated extruded polystyrene boards(XPS)/ specially-treated Polyurethane(PU), Phenolics, Polystyrene rubber powdery particles,etc. 3. Insulation materials with B2-level combustion performance: Expanded polystyrene sheets(EPS), Extruded polystyrene board(XPS), Polyurethane(PU), Polyethylene(PE), etc.
Q:How long is the fire endurance of Grade A fire resisting shutter
Fire door can be divided into Grade A, Grade B and Grade C fire door according to its fire endurance. Their fire endurance is not less than 1.20h, 0.90h and 0.60h respectively. Use fire resisting shutter as fire compartment separation in places where it is difficult to set firewall. When fire resisting shutter whose unexposed surface temperature rise is used as judging condition of fire endurance is used, its fire endurance should not be lower than 3h. When fire resisting shutter whose unexposed surface temperature rise is used as judging condition of fire endurance is not used, individual protection of  closed automatic water spray system shoule be set at two sides of the shutters and duration of water spray system should not be less than 3.0h. When the fire resisting shutter is used for fire compartment, fire endurance is 3h. When the fire resisting shutter is set at the opening part of firewall, fire endurance is 1.2h.
Q:How is the grading of the level A new material fire insulation material?
The standard to distinguish level A and level B is the different fireproofing coefficient. The level A is non-combustible. The level B is divided into B1, B2 and B3. B1 is flame retardant, B2 combustible and B3 flammable. The level A is commonly phenolic aldehyde, rock wool, thermal mortar, foam ceramics, foam glass and foam concrete on the current market. Among the advantages of level A materials, the biggest one is foam concrete currently, also known as foam cement.
Q:What needs to be paid attention to in the construction of high- temperature refractory mortar?
As far as I'm concerned, in the construction of high-temperature refractory mortar, these matters should be noted: 1. During the use of high-temperature daub masonry stove, the minimum mortar joint should be 0.5mm and general mortar joint should be 3-5mm, which can solve the processing and fine grinding of refractory brick on the brick grinder. Besides, it is conducive to the health of workers, and can reduce the masonry effort, ensure the quality and speed up the construction progress. 2. When making urgent repair on the stove, if the joint is much too large, 2-3mm refractory pieces can be appropriately added into the high- temperature refractory mortar, and stirred to fill the joint so as to shorten the repair time and ensure normal production. 3. High- temperature refractory mortar can be painted inside various furnace body, and it should be guaranteed that the surface of the furnace body has no dust or debris before painting.
Q:How to distinguish the fire resistant level of construction materials?
Building materials fire resistant level is divided into four levels, among which the first level is the highest, with strongest fire resistance; fourth level is the lowest with weakest fire resistance. Fire resistance level of buildings depends on combustion performance and fire endurance of the building components. The building components refer to a series of basic components such as the building walls, foundations, beams, columns, floors, stairs, ceiling, etc.
Q:Who knows the external wall thermal insulation materials fire rating requirements?
1. The thermal insulation material of level A combustion performance: Rock wool, glass wool, foam glass, foamed ceramics, foam cement, hole-closed perlite, etc. 2. combustion performance is level B1 insulation materials: Extruded polystyrene board (XPS) after special treatment / Special treatment of polyurethane (PU), phenolic aldehyde and gelatine powder polyphenyl granule 3, combustion performance is level B2 insulation material: Molding polystyrene board (EPS), extruded polystyrene board (XPS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene (PE), etc. See the 2009 edition construction technical measures 4.3.6 Level A insulation material is only for fireproofing, but its thermal insulation performance is not better than organic XPS \\ EPS and other materials. I feel the best insulation materials should be modified phenolic board, which can keep insulation and fireproofing, but the unit price is very expensive. Insulation materials in the domestic market have some disadvantages, it is better to considere the materials within the acceptable range in the building needs.
Q:How many kinds of refractory materials are there in the EI?
I suggest that you contribute articles to foreign SCI journals for the odds are better, and generally the articles that fill the bill will not be rejected. The traditional refractory materials can contribute to EI journal. If being rejected by EI journal, you can also contribute to Russia's journal Industrial Ceramics and Refractories. I didn't contribute to the Journal of Wuhan University of Science and Technology, the receiving cycle is almost 3 to 4 months. Though the impact factor is low, domestic EI journal is not so good, it is still SCI journal. This is my own experience, please take my advice. The best journals are the Journal of the American Ceramic Society and the Journal of the European Ceramic Society, I heard that they are not bad. But the best domestic EI refractory material journal is the Journal of The Chinese Ceramic Society. It is very long, but if it belongs to your university, it is another pair of shoes. Journals now all want to have materials about functional ceramics, and they don't want Chinese articles, if your English is not well enough, you can choose Ceramics International and Japan Ceramics but they have strict manuscripts reviewing standards.
Q:What's the maximum temperature that the refractory ceramic fiber cloth can endure?
It depends on the composition of the ceramic material. If its composition is alumina and it is used by civilians, its normal use temperature is 1200℃; if its composition is alumina but it is for millitary use, it can endure the highest temperature of 2200℃.
Q:Which one is the best refractory material?
Resin bonded refractory is mainly abot aluminum magnesium carbon, and carbonaceous etc. Thermoplastic resins need to add the coagulant (Uto), ageing mixture for a period of time, so the production cycle is long. Hot hard resin is relatively not so complex, but it’s not as good as thermoplastic resins in thermoplastic binding.

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