poly Solar Panel 01

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Product Description:

Solar Module


ABOUT YINGLI GREEN ENERGY

Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Limited (NYSE: YGE) is one of

the world’s largest fully vertically integrated PV manufacturers, which

markets its products under the brand “Yingli Solar“. With over 7.0GW

of modules installed globally, we are a leading solar energy company

built upon proven product reliability and sustainable performance. We

are the fi rst renewable energy company and the fi rst Chinese company

to sponsor the FIFA World CupTM.

PERFORMANCE

- High effi ciency, multicrystalline silicon solar cells with high transmission

and textured glass deliver a module effi ciency of up to 16.0%,

minimizing installation costs and maximizing the kWh output of your

system per unit area.

- Tight positive power tolerance of 0W to +5W ensures you receive

modules at or above nameplate power and contributes to minimizing

module mismatch losses leading to improved system yield.

- Top ranking in the “TÜV Rheinland Energy Yield Test” and the

“PHOTON Test” demonstrates high performance and annual energy

production.

RELIABILITY

- Tests by independent laboratories prove that Yingli Solar modules:

 Fully conform to certifi cation and regulatory standards.

 Withstand wind loads of up to 2.4kPa and snow loads of up to

5.4kPa, confi rming mechanical stability.

 Successfully endure ammonia and salt-mist exposure at the highest

severity level, ensuring their performance in adverse conditions.

- Manufacturing facility certifi ed by TÜV Rheinland to ISO 9001:2008,

ISO 14001:2004 and BS OHSAS 18001:2007.

WARRANTIES

- 10-year limited product warranty1.

- Limited power warranty1: 10 years at 91.2% of the minimal rated power

output, 25 years at 80.7% of the minimal rated power output.

1In compliance with our Warranty Terms and Conditions.

QUALIFICATIONS & CERTIFICATES

IEC 61215, IEC 61730, MCS, CE, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, BS OHSAS

18001:2007, PV Cycle, SA 8000

ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE

Electrical parameters at Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Module type YLxxxP-29b (xxx=Pmax)

Power output Pmax W 260 255 250 245 240

Power output tolerances ΔPmax W 0 / + 5

Module effi ciency ηm % 16.0 15.7 15.4 15.1 14.8

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 30.3 30.0 29.8 29.6 29.3

Current at Pmax Impp A 8.59 8.49 8.39 8.28 8.18

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 37.7 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.5

Short-circuit current Isc A 9.09 9.01 8.92 8.83 8.75

Electrical parameters at Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT)

Power output Pmax W 189.7 186.0 182.4 178.7 175.1

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 27.6 27.4 27.2 27.0 26.8

Current at Pmax Impp A 6.87 6.79 6.71 6.62 6.54

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 34.8 34.8 34.7 34.6 34.6

Short-circuit current Isc A 7.35 7.28 7.21 7.14 7.07

STC: 1000W/m2 irradiance, 25°C cell temperature, AM1.5g spectrum according to EN 60904-3.

Average relative effi ciency reduction of 3.3% at 200W/m2 according to EN 60904-1.

NOCT: open-circuit module operation temperature at 800W/m2 irradiance, 20°C ambient temperature, 1m/s wind speed.

OPERATING CONDITIONS

Max. system voltage 1000VDC

Max. series fuse rating 15A

Limiting reverse current 15A

Operating temperature range -40°C to 85°C

Max. static load, front (e.g., snow) 5400Pa

Max. static load, back (e.g., wind) 2400Pa

Max. hailstone impact (diameter / velocity) 25mm / 23m/s

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Front cover (material / thickness) low-iron tempered glass / 3.2mm

Cell (quantity / material / dimensions /

number of busbars)

60 / multicrystalline silicon / 156mm x 156mm / 2 or 3

Encapsulant (material) ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)

Frame (material / color / anodization color /

edge sealing) anodized aluminum alloy / silver / clear / silicone or tape

Junction box (protection degree) ≥ IP65

Cable (length / cross-sectional area) 1000mm / 4mm2

Plug connector

(type / protection degree) MC4 / IP67 or YT08-1 / IP67 or Amphenol H4 / IP68

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS

Number of modules per pallet 29

Number of pallets per 40' container 28

Packaging box dimensions

(L / W / H) 1700mm / 1135mm / 1165mm

Box weight 568kg

Unit: mm

• Due to continuous innovation, research and product improvement, the specifi cations in this product information sheet are subject to change

without prior notice. The specifi cations may deviate slightly and are not guaranteed.

• The data do not refer to a single module and they are not part of the offer, they only serve for comparison to different module types



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Q:How to install a solar panel system?
If you are grid-tied, then a standard solar electric system will always feed back into the grid if you are not utilizing more power in your home than is being generated by the solar panels and inverter system. It is possible that a grid isolation device designed to prevent direct back feeding is available, but haven't heard of one in common use. New laws in most areas of the US are now mandating that utilities allow grid-tied alternative energy systems. Double-check you local laws. Sometimes you can't take the utilities word for truth--most will automatically say 'no' and will only relent when you show up with the law in hand. Unfortunately, some utilities have figured out another way to shut down alternative energy pioneers--they demand multimillion dollar insurance policies covering damage that their equipment could sustain from your little PV system. Technically, they are still in compliance with the law, they just make it impossible for a homeowner to meet their requirements. If you are getting the runaround, go to your state representative for help. It's amazing how contrite those utility people can be when a state senator (or even US Senator) has just sent a letter asking them why they are stonewalling a law-abiding and well-meaning citizen. Good luck, and don't give up!
Q:Is photovoltaic array another name for solar panels?
Yes or one could say that Solar Panel is a simple and easy way to say photovoltaic array.
Q:Can one benefit from solar panels?
This year my friend put in $54,000 worth of solar panels on his roof (7KW). He got a $2,000 rebate from the state. So his cost is $42,000. Now this summer, in the heat of the day, when he runs his air conditioner, he is still selling a trickle of power to the company. Other times he sells a lot. At night or on cloudy days, he buys power from the company. His payback period is going to be about 25 years. But this will be 0-5 years after he dies, probably.
Q:Are solar Panels worth it?
The answer is yes. Where it used to cost around $0 per watt you can now buy a system installed for half of that. Panels are more powerful, technology is better so once again the answer is yes. In addition a lot of power companies are offering net metering programs (that is where you sell your extra power back to them for credit). It's like putting power in the bank during peak solar days to use when the sun doesn't shine. You stay hooked up to the grid and when you're making more than you're using your meter spins backwards.
Q:solar panel inverters?
definite, the inverter ought to pull potential from both the battery and photo voltaic array, yet so what? that would favor to not be a project. both the potential from the photo voltaic array receives kept contained in the battery, or it is going on to the inverter, what vast difference does it make? in reality that's more beneficial effective to pass on to the inverter, as battery value/discharge cycles waste quite some potential. yet you desire a fee controller between the panel and the battery and which will regulate the present into the battery to maintain away from overcharging, and also regulate the voltage and contemporary to right value the battery. without it, the output from the array will be too intense for the battery, or too low. .
Q:Why are solar panels so expensive?
The only way I know of is to invest the money in the stock market. Most savings accounts only pay 3% intrest. While stocks float and if you don't know what you are doing you will never make as much money as you could save on your electric bill. Then the fact that you have to pay the electric bill out of the money. In the end you rented electric and can never get your money back. You can always sell the solar electric system and get your money back plus a profit. Not many people live in the same house even 20 years so it will sell. Toss the coin. It is what ever is best for you.
Q:solar panels on projectors?
Unlikely to prove useful. Solar panels don't generate very much current. You would probably wind up spending several thousand dollars, and wind up with a solar panel array (including batteries and power inverter) that is certainly not portable. You will also need adequate current for your projection source (ie DVD player or computer), as well as sound. By and large, the cheapest projectors require the least amount of power. There is no way around the fact that, for a projector to be practical, it must output out a great deal of light. Adequate light requires adequate current.
Q:i want to light up a building using solar panel what do i need?
The solar panels are made in China because there are fewer environmental regulations and cheap coal power. It takes a lot of energy to melt silicon and there are toxic waste products. It would be three to five times more expensive to make the panels in the US ( three times is just for reprocessing the toxic wastes ). Solar cell made in China are about $2 a watt, perhaps as low as $ a watt but in truth the claims for $ a watt or less solar panels as in thin film solar panels have much lower efficiency and require perhaps ten times more surface area.
Q:Why won't my solar panels drive a motor?
The solar cells you have are not providing enough current to operate the motor. There are special low power motors which can operate directly from a solar cell but it sounds like you do not have one of these. Instead you have a common .5V DC hobby motor which requires substantially more current to operate. You can use the original circuit to charge the batteries and use the charged batteries to run the motor. The batteries would be able to supply enough current to operate the motor, but for a limited time. 8 hours of charging might give you less than 5 minutes of motor operation. An LED will draw about 20ma. In a solar light such a small current draw from an LED or two can provide hours of light. A Small DC motor might easily require 300ma to run and over 500ma to start. Running a motor from the same battery at over 5 times the current draw will result in less than /5 of the run time compared to the low current LED. So if an LED operates for 300 minutes the motor would run for less than 20.... The small solar cell size cannot provide enough current to operate the motor directly. Only by slowly charging a battery first would you be able to use the collected and stored Solar energy to operate your motor.
Q:Are Solar Panels worth it in Southern California?
With tax incentives, yea it's worth it. It will take years to recoup the costs. You need to live there for a while.

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