Solar Panel 310W Polycrystalline Silicon

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This installation Manual contains essential information for the electrical and mechanical installation that your must know before installing CUSTOMER PV modules. This also contains safety information you need to be familiar with .All the information described in this manual are the intellectual property of CNBM and based on the technologies and experiences that have been acquired and accumulated in the long history of CUSTOMER. This document does not constitute a warranty, expressed or implied.

CUSTOMER does not assume responsibility and expressly disclaims liability for loss, damage, or expense arising out of in anyway connected with installation, operation, use or maintenance of the PV modules. No responsibility is assumed by CUSTOMER for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties that may result from use of PV module.

CUSTOMER reserves the right to make changes to the product, specifications or installation manual without prior notice.


Work Principle

Solar Panel 310W Polycrystalline Silicon



Solar Panel 310W Polycrystalline Silicon


Data sheet

Maximum power


Cell type(mm)

Polycrystalline solar cell 156*156

Number of cell(pcs)


Manufacture site


Open-circuit voltage(voc)


Maximum power voltage(vmp)


Short-circuit current(isc)


Optimum operating current(imp)


Power tolerance


Module efficiency





27 kg



Frame Colar



Anodized Aluminum Alloy


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Q:How to charge a solar panel?
Just to clarify the terminology here, solar panels can be used to charge batteries. The solar panel produces electricity from the sun but you do not charge the solar panel. So I'm assuming you have 3 .5 volt rechargeable batteries connected to a solar panel in some kind of integrated unit. The batteries are probably wired in series giving you a 4.5 volt output from the unit which you can use for powering LED's, portable radio etc. The solar panel may have about 2 solar cells wired in series, each producing up to 0.5V in good sunlight, but the amount of current they produce depends on their physical size, the sun's intensity, the load being supplied, and the type of solar cells. If it has the cheaper amorphous silicon solar cells, they will actually produce some useful output on cloudy days and charge your batteries slowly. However if they are more expensive crystalline cells they will only work with good sunlight, but then they will work very well and charge your batteries relatively quickly.. If your batteries are not charging enough on a cloudy day you could connect a mains-powered 4.5V charger to the output terminals of your unit. However you may need technical expertise to make this work because of the possible presence of internal blocking diodes. You also need to ensure the mains charger has appropriate power ratings and the connection to your unit is made safely, + to + and - to - . I hope this helps.
Q:What are solar panels made of?
photograph voltaic panels take power (and in all probability some oil for the plastic) to fabricate, yet that power, and the carbon footprint, is paid for many circumstances over in widespread operation, via the electrical powered energy that the panel generates. The life of the middle photograph voltaic cells is long (there are nonetheless some panels from the 970's that are nonetheless out and dealing), and contemporary panels are oftentimes warranted for 25 years, showing that even the manufacturers have self assurance in thier lifespan. yet whilst it ultimately comes time to eliminate the panels, the aluminum physique is as particularly recycled as the different aluminum, and the tempered, low-iron glass could properly be recycled, too. The plastic substrate is unavoidably solid - it has to stand up to the solar for some years. i do no longer understand what could desire to be achieved with that. The cells themselves are a intense grade of silicon, which has fee on the scrap industry. some panels are no longer made up of silicon - yet lots of the factors could desire to be recycled in a similar fashion. i'm no longer attentive to any intense panels being dumped or discarded at present. they're worth lots, even broken, that some hobbyist or surplus place will purchase them.
Q:Why are solar panels effected by operating temperature?
All PV Solar Panels are affected by heat. The hotter the solar panel, the lower the power output - but how significant is the effect. I decided to test one of our small 6V 250mA Solar Panels to find out. Solar Panel next to halogen lamp with temperature probe. Reproducing the kind of temperatures solar panels experience in hot climates is not easy on a cloudy May day in the UK, so a 50 Watt halogen office lamp was used at a distance of 55mm from the solar panel as a sun substitute. This guaranteed a constant level of light would be incident upon the solar panel ensuring the quality of the results collected.
Q:What should the voltage be on a small marine solar panel?
Mark, the 2 vdc is pretty typical. Most panels for home use are set up to charge 2 volt batteries, and they are wired for an, open circuit voltage of 8 to 9 volts. This allows it to have enough voltage to feed through a few diodes, perhaps a charge controller and 30 or 40 feet of wire and still have at least 5 volts left over. Once you connect it to the battery the panel will drop to whatever the batteries charging curve voltage would be. If you have a few minutes, I would suggest getting a book at the library called, The Complete Battery Book, by Richard Perez. Just read the chapters pertaining to lead acid batteries, the other discussions on lithium, ni cads and such won't apply to your boat system. If your panel is not large, and it's short circuit current rating in amps is less than 2% of the amp hour capacity of the battery, you can even run the panel without a charge controller. The book explains this as well. There is a great magazine that gets into the nuts and bolts of this stuff, it's called Home Power, you can find it online. You might also find some info at a couple renewable energy websites, I will list them below. Panels are rated in two ways, open circuit voltage, which you measure with a multimeter while the panel is in open sun and nothing is connected to it. The other rating is short cirucuit current, which you measure with an ammeter while the panel is in the sun as well. You connect the ammeter across the output of the panel and let all the power short right through the meter, so you'll need an ammeter big enough to handle more amps than the panel puts out. A 0 amp unit will work for your boat panel. These tests won't hurt the panel, or the meters, we do it all the time in the field, and the manufacturers will tell you to do the same test if you have a problem with a panel and they want to know if it's malfunctioning. You can check one of their websites if you like. Good luck Mark, and take care, Rudydoo
Q:hi i am asking about the life of solar panels?
They degrade over time, losing efficiency. They're generally good for several decades.
Q:What are solar cells made of?
Solar cells are mainly made of a semiconductor called silicon,when sunshine on it,solar energy is converted into electrical energy by photovoltaic.The energy knocks electrons loose, allowing them to flow freely.This flow of electrons is a current, this current, together with the cell's voltage (which is a result of its built-in electric field or fields), defines the power (or wattage) that the solar cell can produce.
Q:Why won't my solar panels drive a motor?
The solar cells you have are not providing enough current to operate the motor. There are special low power motors which can operate directly from a solar cell but it sounds like you do not have one of these. Instead you have a common .5V DC hobby motor which requires substantially more current to operate. You can use the original circuit to charge the batteries and use the charged batteries to run the motor. The batteries would be able to supply enough current to operate the motor, but for a limited time. 8 hours of charging might give you less than 5 minutes of motor operation. An LED will draw about 20ma. In a solar light such a small current draw from an LED or two can provide hours of light. A Small DC motor might easily require 300ma to run and over 500ma to start. Running a motor from the same battery at over 5 times the current draw will result in less than /5 of the run time compared to the low current LED. So if an LED operates for 300 minutes the motor would run for less than 20.... The small solar cell size cannot provide enough current to operate the motor directly. Only by slowly charging a battery first would you be able to use the collected and stored Solar energy to operate your motor.
Q:How to wire solar panels?
I'll add a few comments to Teelo's It may not be good to connect the assembled solar cells directly to the battery. When there is no sun I think it will drain the battery. I'm pretty sure all circuits I have seen have a reverse polarity diode in series. (unless Teelo knows for sure). Hmmm Reminds me that I have some bare solar cell elements from when Motorola was making them. I used some to power a small radio controlled car. I do know that all good applications have a regulator to make sure the charging is done properly
Q:How much electrical energy is generated from one acre of solar panels?
Above the atmosphere, total solar flux is about 365 Watts per square meter. After passing through the atmosphere, the rule of thumb is about 000 Watts per square meter if the Sun is directly overhead. Solar panels are far from 00% efficient, though ... most silicon-based cells run about 20% efficiency. Which leaves you with roughly 200 Watts per square meter. One acre is 4046 square meters, which means that if you had an entire acre of silicon solar panels, they could generate a theoretical 800 kilowatts on a sunny day at noon. With the Sun 30° above the horizon, you could expect a 30% drop in power, declining to zero at sunrise and sunset. And that's assuming zero cloud cover, which is also an unreachable ideal. To give you an idea of scale, an average American home uses or 2 kilowatts. A large coal or nuclear power plant generates about a million kilowatts.
Q:2 Questions on Solar Panels?
There really isn't any maintenance you need to preform...all you really have to do is clean the surface once in a while. However cleaning the surface is not crucial. A rough rating for a panel is about watt for every 9-2 square inches.

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