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Solar Module


ABOUT YINGLI GREEN ENERGY

Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Limited (NYSE: YGE) is one of

the world’s largest fully vertically integrated PV manufacturers, which

markets its products under the brand “Yingli Solar“. With over 7.0GW

of modules installed globally, we are a leading solar energy company

built upon proven product reliability and sustainable performance. We

are the fi rst renewable energy company and the fi rst Chinese company

to sponsor the FIFA World CupTM.

PERFORMANCE

- High effi ciency, multicrystalline silicon solar cells with high transmission

and textured glass deliver a module effi ciency of up to 16.0%,

minimizing installation costs and maximizing the kWh output of your

system per unit area.

- Tight positive power tolerance of 0W to +5W ensures you receive

modules at or above nameplate power and contributes to minimizing

module mismatch losses leading to improved system yield.

- Top ranking in the “TÜV Rheinland Energy Yield Test” and the

“PHOTON Test” demonstrates high performance and annual energy

production.

RELIABILITY

- Tests by independent laboratories prove that Yingli Solar modules:

 Fully conform to certifi cation and regulatory standards.

 Withstand wind loads of up to 2.4kPa and snow loads of up to

5.4kPa, confi rming mechanical stability.

 Successfully endure ammonia and salt-mist exposure at the highest

severity level, ensuring their performance in adverse conditions.

- Manufacturing facility certifi ed by TÜV Rheinland to ISO 9001:2008,

ISO 14001:2004 and BS OHSAS 18001:2007.

WARRANTIES

- 10-year limited product warranty1.

- Limited power warranty1: 10 years at 91.2% of the minimal rated power

output, 25 years at 80.7% of the minimal rated power output.

1In compliance with our Warranty Terms and Conditions.

QUALIFICATIONS & CERTIFICATES

IEC 61215, IEC 61730, MCS, CE, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, BS OHSAS

18001:2007, PV Cycle, SA 8000

ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE

Electrical parameters at Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Module type YLxxxP-29b (xxx=Pmax)

Power output Pmax W 260 255 250 245 240

Power output tolerances ΔPmax W 0 / + 5

Module effi ciency ηm % 16.0 15.7 15.4 15.1 14.8

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 30.3 30.0 29.8 29.6 29.3

Current at Pmax Impp A 8.59 8.49 8.39 8.28 8.18

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 37.7 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.5

Short-circuit current Isc A 9.09 9.01 8.92 8.83 8.75

Electrical parameters at Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT)

Power output Pmax W 189.7 186.0 182.4 178.7 175.1

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 27.6 27.4 27.2 27.0 26.8

Current at Pmax Impp A 6.87 6.79 6.71 6.62 6.54

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 34.8 34.8 34.7 34.6 34.6

Short-circuit current Isc A 7.35 7.28 7.21 7.14 7.07

STC: 1000W/m2 irradiance, 25°C cell temperature, AM1.5g spectrum according to EN 60904-3.

Average relative effi ciency reduction of 3.3% at 200W/m2 according to EN 60904-1.

NOCT: open-circuit module operation temperature at 800W/m2 irradiance, 20°C ambient temperature, 1m/s wind speed.

OPERATING CONDITIONS

Max. system voltage 1000VDC

Max. series fuse rating 15A

Limiting reverse current 15A

Operating temperature range -40°C to 85°C

Max. static load, front (e.g., snow) 5400Pa

Max. static load, back (e.g., wind) 2400Pa

Max. hailstone impact (diameter / velocity) 25mm / 23m/s

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Front cover (material / thickness) low-iron tempered glass / 3.2mm

Cell (quantity / material / dimensions /

number of busbars)

60 / multicrystalline silicon / 156mm x 156mm / 2 or 3

Encapsulant (material) ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)

Frame (material / color / anodization color /

edge sealing) anodized aluminum alloy / silver / clear / silicone or tape

Junction box (protection degree) ≥ IP65

Cable (length / cross-sectional area) 1000mm / 4mm2

Plug connector

(type / protection degree) MC4 / IP67 or YT08-1 / IP67 or Amphenol H4 / IP68

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS

Number of modules per pallet 29

Number of pallets per 40' container 28

Packaging box dimensions

(L / W / H) 1700mm / 1135mm / 1165mm

Box weight 568kg

Unit: mm

• Due to continuous innovation, research and product improvement, the specifi cations in this product information sheet are subject to change

without prior notice. The specifi cations may deviate slightly and are not guaranteed.

• The data do not refer to a single module and they are not part of the offer, they only serve for comparison to different module types



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Q:how much do commercial solar panels cost?
The size you pick, therefore, should be decided on per your requirements. A 4kw system will need between 0 and 20 solar panels, with an initial cost of around £7,000 for the module and installation. Systems larger than 25kW can't be accommodated on existing buildings. Instead this option is for those of you with vacant land, a location such as a farm or another open space.
Q:how the power output of solar panels fitted to a house can charge?
Solar panels do NOT get charged, so the question is junk, or you misstated it. Solar panels are used to charge a battery bank, which stores energy for times when there is no sun. Then energy from the batteries is used, via an inverter, to power appliances in the house. OR do you mean how the power output of solar panels can CHANGE? In that case, they change when the sun moves, such as behind a cloud, or just changes angle in the sky, or goes out.
Q:kilowatt solar panel help?
Also you can look for INSOLATION TABLES on the Internet. Keep in mind, though, that the useful output of a solar system that produces AC will be somewhat less than the theoretical value. Local conditions, orientation of the modules, dust on modules, wire resistance losses and efficiency of inverters will drag down the true output. My 6 kW system produces just over 4 kW at optimum sun height.
Q:can I connect my pool pump to a solar panel?
What does the advertisement have to do with your question? Yes; BUT, depending on the pump, you may need several panels and possibly an inverter if it is an AC pump. You will ALSO need at least battery in the circuit to provide a load to the panel.
Q:Solar panel charging question?
depends on the sunlight. And on the size of the battery. But it may never charge, as you need at least 5 volts to charge a 2 volt battery. So unless the sunlight is bright enough to generate 5 volts, all you will do is discharge the battery through the solar panel. But a large battery is 00 amp hours of capacity. Even if you had a 5 volt 5 watt panel, that generates only amp at most, so it would take over 00 hours to charge that size battery. .
Q:solar panel efficiency in space?
I'm not sure on the exact numbers of solar panel efficiency, however i do know that at the radius of the Earth we should be receiving about 000W of power per square meter. This value is lessened by the atmosphere to a value closer to 600W per square meter on the Earth's surface. (on a really hot day) That's a 40% drop in power due to the atmosphere. I'm assuming that the solar panels being in space don't affect it's efficiency (as in mechanically). So its power generation should increase by about 40% when in space compared with a ground based panel of the same design. Hope this helps, Sorry it's kinda sketchy info...
Q:Which spectrum of sunlight generates the electricity in a solar panel?
It's a huge field of study, very important to solar cell development. People are trying to optimize spectral response for sunlight, even for sunlight in specific places. Google solar cell spectral response for many many websites. Most of them are specific to one experiment.
Q:solar panels, help?
This is pretty much an exercise in knowing units and dimensional analysis. Watts are in Joules/second. So every second a square with the area(meters^2) of meter^2 receives 380 joules from the sun. In your case the square is the solar panel. So find the area of the solar panel in m^2. If you multiply area times intensity you can see that the meters cancel out and you are left with Watts(J/s). Since you want the Joules received in an hour you again multiply by how many seconds are in an hour. Leaving you with joules. What you have now is the total energy, but your solar panel is only 26% efficient, so just multiply by .26 and you will have your energy.
Q:How can I regulate current from a solar panel?
Lithium batteries do have special charging requirements. I would recommend that you use the 2 volt charger that came with them to keep them happy. Automotive power systems can have voltages as high as 4.5 volts when the engine is running so there's no need to limit the output of the panel to anything less than that. Check with the charger manufacturer to see what it will withstand. Some will work with systems up to 24 volts nominal (up to 29 volts actual) found in larger commercial vehicles such as trucks and busses. If your charger will work with both 2 and 24 volt systems you might not need anything extra to use the unregulated output of the panel. Otherwise I'd recommend a shunt regulator to clamp the output of the panel to no more than 4.5 volts. That way it would dissipate (waste) very little of the panel's power, and even that would only be during those rare times when the panel is producing maximum output. Such a device could be as simple as a high power zener diode, a low power zener coupled with a power transistor, or a precision shunt regulator such as a TL43 coupled with a power transistor. A more complex way would be a to use buck/boost regulator between the panel and your charger. You might gain a slight advantage under low light conditions when the panel isn't putting out much but the overall efficiency could end up worse than the simpler shunt regulator. Under optimum conditions, I would expect it to take a full day for a 3 watt (peak) panel to charge just one of your 35 Wh batteries. Charging an intermediate device such as the Sherpa 50 through its built in charger and then using it to charge your battery through yet another charger would severely cut your overall efficiency. Depending on how long you'll be gone, it might be far more practical, reliable, and economical to just carry (or find a way to be resupplied with) a few additional fully charged 35 Wh batteries. Don
Q:how to make your own solar panel?
I do not have the skills to make my own solalr panles even if I want to try it. I see the answer above but cannot understand it. I bought my solar panels from OKorder and it works for me quite well.

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