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Solar Module


ABOUT YINGLI GREEN ENERGY

Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Limited (NYSE: YGE) is one of

the world’s largest fully vertically integrated PV manufacturers, which

markets its products under the brand “Yingli Solar“. With over 7.0GW

of modules installed globally, we are a leading solar energy company

built upon proven product reliability and sustainable performance. We

are the fi rst renewable energy company and the fi rst Chinese company

to sponsor the FIFA World CupTM.

PERFORMANCE

- High effi ciency, multicrystalline silicon solar cells with high transmission

and textured glass deliver a module effi ciency of up to 16.0%,

minimizing installation costs and maximizing the kWh output of your

system per unit area.

- Tight positive power tolerance of 0W to +5W ensures you receive

modules at or above nameplate power and contributes to minimizing

module mismatch losses leading to improved system yield.

- Top ranking in the “TÜV Rheinland Energy Yield Test” and the

“PHOTON Test” demonstrates high performance and annual energy

production.

RELIABILITY

- Tests by independent laboratories prove that Yingli Solar modules:

 Fully conform to certifi cation and regulatory standards.

 Withstand wind loads of up to 2.4kPa and snow loads of up to

5.4kPa, confi rming mechanical stability.

 Successfully endure ammonia and salt-mist exposure at the highest

severity level, ensuring their performance in adverse conditions.

- Manufacturing facility certifi ed by TÜV Rheinland to ISO 9001:2008,

ISO 14001:2004 and BS OHSAS 18001:2007.

WARRANTIES

- 10-year limited product warranty1.

- Limited power warranty1: 10 years at 91.2% of the minimal rated power

output, 25 years at 80.7% of the minimal rated power output.

1In compliance with our Warranty Terms and Conditions.

QUALIFICATIONS & CERTIFICATES

IEC 61215, IEC 61730, MCS, CE, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, BS OHSAS

18001:2007, PV Cycle, SA 8000

ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE

Electrical parameters at Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Module type YLxxxP-29b (xxx=Pmax)

Power output Pmax W 260 255 250 245 240

Power output tolerances ΔPmax W 0 / + 5

Module effi ciency ηm % 16.0 15.7 15.4 15.1 14.8

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 30.3 30.0 29.8 29.6 29.3

Current at Pmax Impp A 8.59 8.49 8.39 8.28 8.18

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 37.7 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.5

Short-circuit current Isc A 9.09 9.01 8.92 8.83 8.75

Electrical parameters at Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT)

Power output Pmax W 189.7 186.0 182.4 178.7 175.1

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 27.6 27.4 27.2 27.0 26.8

Current at Pmax Impp A 6.87 6.79 6.71 6.62 6.54

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 34.8 34.8 34.7 34.6 34.6

Short-circuit current Isc A 7.35 7.28 7.21 7.14 7.07

STC: 1000W/m2 irradiance, 25°C cell temperature, AM1.5g spectrum according to EN 60904-3.

Average relative effi ciency reduction of 3.3% at 200W/m2 according to EN 60904-1.

NOCT: open-circuit module operation temperature at 800W/m2 irradiance, 20°C ambient temperature, 1m/s wind speed.

OPERATING CONDITIONS

Max. system voltage 1000VDC

Max. series fuse rating 15A

Limiting reverse current 15A

Operating temperature range -40°C to 85°C

Max. static load, front (e.g., snow) 5400Pa

Max. static load, back (e.g., wind) 2400Pa

Max. hailstone impact (diameter / velocity) 25mm / 23m/s

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Front cover (material / thickness) low-iron tempered glass / 3.2mm

Cell (quantity / material / dimensions /

number of busbars)

60 / multicrystalline silicon / 156mm x 156mm / 2 or 3

Encapsulant (material) ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)

Frame (material / color / anodization color /

edge sealing) anodized aluminum alloy / silver / clear / silicone or tape

Junction box (protection degree) ≥ IP65

Cable (length / cross-sectional area) 1000mm / 4mm2

Plug connector

(type / protection degree) MC4 / IP67 or YT08-1 / IP67 or Amphenol H4 / IP68

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS

Number of modules per pallet 29

Number of pallets per 40' container 28

Packaging box dimensions

(L / W / H) 1700mm / 1135mm / 1165mm

Box weight 568kg

Unit: mm

• Due to continuous innovation, research and product improvement, the specifi cations in this product information sheet are subject to change

without prior notice. The specifi cations may deviate slightly and are not guaranteed.

• The data do not refer to a single module and they are not part of the offer, they only serve for comparison to different module types



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Q:Solar panel connectionI
You should probably ask this in the electronics section.
Q:Solar Power Question?
This okorder.com/
Q:What does it mean when a solar panel is 00w?
That means it can handle UP TO 00W at any given time in bright sunlight. Volts x Amps = Watts. This means you can use of these panels to supply a 9 volt DC appliance at amps. Which is a pretty ridiculous amount of amps for a 9 volt product. About 5 of the 65 Watt panels will give you in excess of 825W of power, which will give you 5kWh per day. But, remember that's DC. When you convert to AC, that changes. I would suggest keeping batteries for storage. Also, You might require an average of 825 W per hour, but at any given time, you'll use a higher peak. You need to find out what the PEAK is before you can decide what to get. That would be with all the lights on in your house, running the vacuum, the dryer, and the washing machine. I think most houses are built with 00Amp breakers. That's 2 kilowatts at one time. That would mean you would need 72 panels to be at the PEAK your house can handle. You'll hopefully never use 2kW at one time. But there's no way for me to know what YOUR peak will be. I think the average kW peak demand is somewhere in the range of 2 kW. That would require 3+ panels.
Q:What is a good type of solar panel to get for my house?
solar panels are VERY heavy and can be very complicated, youll need a professional. your roof may need to be reinforced to handle the weight added. some states like Arizona will pay for the system for you.you could use solar power to heat the water in the house and everything else off the power company. if you do, get one with a glycol heat transfer solution. they heat more efficiently.
Q:is it worth it to install solar panels?
In the state of Pennsylvania in the USA, a very basic 5KW solar installation will cost you $35,000. Of that you will recover approximately $28,000 over the next five (5) years between the State and the Feds. Making your net-cost something between $7,000 and $9,000 depending on various factors. All other things being equal in a standard household with fuel-based heat and window units vs. central AC, this system will provide roughly 50% of power required with a payback of approximately eight (8) years (with electricity at $0.4/kwh). The system has an estimated forty (40) year service life. Without _all_ the subsidies, the payback is longer than the estimated system life, especially if you consider the time-value of money. The life-cycle cost of a photo-voltaic array is horrendous. By that, I mean the total cost of producing the panels, installing them, and then removing them and disposing of them in an environmentally correct manner. All that added in and there is a negative payback. So, it all depends on what one defines as worth it. Putting the cost onto taxpayers via governmental subsidy to make an otherwise wretchedly expensive process viable may give you all sorts of warm-and-fuzzy feelings about renewable resources and reducing dependence on foreign oil and so forth. But the reality is that the true cost of solar panels exceeds that of nuclear power per KW delivered. Even today when nuclear plants start in the Billions-with-a-B in any currency you would care to name.
Q:A Question about Solar panels?
I am sure someone can tall you.
Q:45 Watt Solar Panel Kit Harbor Freight?
Yes, 80 watts will be nearly twice as useful as 45 watts - but 80 is still a small number. Solar panel systems need an inverter and there's a slight energy loss at the inverter. And, if you want to use the day's energy at night, you'll need a battery or two. And every time you move energy into or out of a battery, you lose a little of the energy. All this is to say that you need to sum up the wattage of your appliances and add a fudge factor to accommodate for the losses. I looked at the kit and was moderately impressed. $200/45=$4.44/watt; that's a reasonable price but the links I left below talk of prices as low as $2.58/watt. Also the Harbor Freight kit doesn't contain an 'inverter' which you would have to buy. Also the wattage advertised for any solar panel assumes the thing is clean and pointed right at the sun on a clear day.
Q:Adding Solar Panels to my home in Portland, Oregon?
As per the question, the answer is no. Solar panels are available, they are expensive, they can reduce your energy bill, you can get up to 30% of the expense back from your taxes, but they must be installed by a qualified electrician or solar panel installer to work properly.
Q:Using solar panels to replace electrical wiring?
No. solar panels would not solve your problems and are usually not cost effective. Solar panels will not help to compensate for undersized electrical service. You would still have to upgrade the existing service. Once that is done you should have no problems and all the electricity you need would come from your power company. Have an electrician come out and do an inspection and tell you what all needs upgrading. Solar panels would save you money on the monthly power bill but the cost to install them would be higher than your savings. If it made economic sense to have solar power then everybody would be doing it. That's why you see very few houses with solar panels on top.
Q:how do solar photovoltaic panels work?
Hey E Girl, photovoltiac panels are pretty simple. They start with a solid block of silicone, and shave thin layers off of them, called wafers. Once you have about 72 of them, you take half of them and dope them with boron, then the other half are doped with phosphorous. Once that's done, they take one each phosphorous and boron wafer, and glue them together with a special conductive epoxy glue, and attach a wire to each wafer. When the two glued wafers are exposed to the sun, a reaction occurs that forces free electrons from the silicone particles from one wafer onto the other, and a voltage is generated between them, about /2 volt to be exact. Once all 36 pairs are glued together, they are wired in series, connecting the phosphourous wafer from one to the boron wafer on the next, and so on. If you start with 72 wafers, you'll have 36 pairs glued together when you are done. At /2 volt each, that makes a 8 volt panel, which is used to charge a 2 volt battery. The charging source always has to have a few more volts than the battery. These 36 pairs of cells are then arranged on some kind of back board, glued down, covered with acrylic glass and mounted in a frame. There are some great websites you can go to for more info, I will list some below. Did you know that there are over 00,000 homes and businesses in the US alone that use some level of solar power to operate their electrical systems? That's good news. We actually live in one of those homes, it is powered by both the wind and sun and heated with solar and wood. I hope this answers your question, good luck, and take care, Rudydoo

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