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Solar Module


ABOUT YINGLI GREEN ENERGY

Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Limited (NYSE: YGE) is one of

the world’s largest fully vertically integrated PV manufacturers, which

markets its products under the brand “Yingli Solar“. With over 7.0GW

of modules installed globally, we are a leading solar energy company

built upon proven product reliability and sustainable performance. We

are the fi rst renewable energy company and the fi rst Chinese company

to sponsor the FIFA World CupTM.

PERFORMANCE

- High effi ciency, multicrystalline silicon solar cells with high transmission

and textured glass deliver a module effi ciency of up to 16.0%,

minimizing installation costs and maximizing the kWh output of your

system per unit area.

- Tight positive power tolerance of 0W to +5W ensures you receive

modules at or above nameplate power and contributes to minimizing

module mismatch losses leading to improved system yield.

- Top ranking in the “TÜV Rheinland Energy Yield Test” and the

“PHOTON Test” demonstrates high performance and annual energy

production.

RELIABILITY

- Tests by independent laboratories prove that Yingli Solar modules:

 Fully conform to certifi cation and regulatory standards.

 Withstand wind loads of up to 2.4kPa and snow loads of up to

5.4kPa, confi rming mechanical stability.

 Successfully endure ammonia and salt-mist exposure at the highest

severity level, ensuring their performance in adverse conditions.

- Manufacturing facility certifi ed by TÜV Rheinland to ISO 9001:2008,

ISO 14001:2004 and BS OHSAS 18001:2007.

WARRANTIES

- 10-year limited product warranty1.

- Limited power warranty1: 10 years at 91.2% of the minimal rated power

output, 25 years at 80.7% of the minimal rated power output.

1In compliance with our Warranty Terms and Conditions.

QUALIFICATIONS & CERTIFICATES

IEC 61215, IEC 61730, MCS, CE, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, BS OHSAS

18001:2007, PV Cycle, SA 8000

ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE

Electrical parameters at Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Module type YLxxxP-29b (xxx=Pmax)

Power output Pmax W 260 255 250 245 240

Power output tolerances ΔPmax W 0 / + 5

Module effi ciency ηm % 16.0 15.7 15.4 15.1 14.8

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 30.3 30.0 29.8 29.6 29.3

Current at Pmax Impp A 8.59 8.49 8.39 8.28 8.18

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 37.7 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.5

Short-circuit current Isc A 9.09 9.01 8.92 8.83 8.75

Electrical parameters at Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT)

Power output Pmax W 189.7 186.0 182.4 178.7 175.1

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 27.6 27.4 27.2 27.0 26.8

Current at Pmax Impp A 6.87 6.79 6.71 6.62 6.54

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 34.8 34.8 34.7 34.6 34.6

Short-circuit current Isc A 7.35 7.28 7.21 7.14 7.07

STC: 1000W/m2 irradiance, 25°C cell temperature, AM1.5g spectrum according to EN 60904-3.

Average relative effi ciency reduction of 3.3% at 200W/m2 according to EN 60904-1.

NOCT: open-circuit module operation temperature at 800W/m2 irradiance, 20°C ambient temperature, 1m/s wind speed.

OPERATING CONDITIONS

Max. system voltage 1000VDC

Max. series fuse rating 15A

Limiting reverse current 15A

Operating temperature range -40°C to 85°C

Max. static load, front (e.g., snow) 5400Pa

Max. static load, back (e.g., wind) 2400Pa

Max. hailstone impact (diameter / velocity) 25mm / 23m/s

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Front cover (material / thickness) low-iron tempered glass / 3.2mm

Cell (quantity / material / dimensions /

number of busbars)

60 / multicrystalline silicon / 156mm x 156mm / 2 or 3

Encapsulant (material) ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)

Frame (material / color / anodization color /

edge sealing) anodized aluminum alloy / silver / clear / silicone or tape

Junction box (protection degree) ≥ IP65

Cable (length / cross-sectional area) 1000mm / 4mm2

Plug connector

(type / protection degree) MC4 / IP67 or YT08-1 / IP67 or Amphenol H4 / IP68

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS

Number of modules per pallet 29

Number of pallets per 40' container 28

Packaging box dimensions

(L / W / H) 1700mm / 1135mm / 1165mm

Box weight 568kg

Unit: mm

• Due to continuous innovation, research and product improvement, the specifi cations in this product information sheet are subject to change

without prior notice. The specifi cations may deviate slightly and are not guaranteed.

• The data do not refer to a single module and they are not part of the offer, they only serve for comparison to different module types



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Q:Reflectors or mirrors around the solar panels.......?
You could (an example of concentrating sunlight is called cloud gain, where the edge of a cloud will intensify sunlight as it passes between the sun and your panels), but that will make your panels run hotter and will probably reduce their life. It's better from a system design standpoint to simply get another panel or two. DK
Q:How to connect solar panels?
Each solar panel will be wired to each other in parallel if you have more then one. When you wire in parallel the amps(current) from each panel will add to the total sum of current, but the total voltage stays the same. The voltage must match the rest of your system. For example, if your are using 2 volt solar panels you must be using 2 volt batteries and voltage regulator. Voltage regulator must be rated above maximum voltage and current(amps). Connect the output from the solar panels to a properly rated regulator, solar panel voltage regulators are rated by maximum voltage and amps, that will shut off the current flow to the batteries once the batteries are sufficiently charged there by preventing damage to the batteries. The way that you figure the rating needed for the regulator is by adding the maximum amps for each solar panel, this should be listed on the solar panel, and if they are 2 volt panels and they are connected in parallel then max voltage should be around 22 volts. It's the amperes that is most importance when choosing a regulator
Q:thermodynamic question that includes heating water with solar panels?
Good points. I'm new to the solar energy world, but solar just makes sense. Who wouldn't want to make it work? The more I learn the more I think its a great alternative to some of the energy we use. This info really helps.
Q:Charge Laptop with Solar Panel?
humm..... .need HUGE solar panel (alot) 2. wires 3. aligato clips . put the panels on the roof 2. use the aligator clip to clip the wire from the panel to the bars of the pluger of the comp. charger 3.tada mark me best:)
Q:solar panels?
answering b) your home circutry won't be able to handle solar power energy (or your circut breaker,it will start cuttin out every 5 min)you would have to replace your home circutry(that costs a LOT of money, over $8500)
Q:How do you use solar panels?
Custom solar-heating systems are unique. Does yours have a circulating pump? Does it have a storage tank? Is the fluid that goes to the panels separated from the household water and transfers heat through a heat-exchanger radiator, and the fluid has antifreeze in it? If it does, is the antifreeze of the variety that won't poison your family if there is a leak? Does your system have a thermostat-controlled pump that turns on when the water in the panels are hot? Does it have a limit-thermostat to turn off the pump when water in the storage tank is hot? There are many more variations to operation of solar-heating panels. Find out who designed it or who knows how to operate it and ask them.
Q:Linking multiple solar panels?
No problem linking them in series.
Q:How many LED's can power a solar panel?
The 40 kmcd rating is a measure of luminous intensity (how bright it looks), not a measure of output power of the visible light. We can estimate the performance of your proposed system as follows: The LEDs on OKorder each are rated about 20mA maximum at about 3.2V, or 64mW (milliwatts). If you use 470 ohm resistors connected to 2VDC, the current that will flow, per LED, will be about: (2V-3.2V)/470ohm = 0.0872A = 8.72mA The power taken from the 2VDC power source will be: P2v = 2V x 8.72mA = 224.6mW (per LED) The power input to each LED will be about: Pled = 3.2V x 8.72mA = 59.9mW (per LED) The LED has a luminous efficiency that can range from about 4.2% to 22%. This efficiency is the ratio of the amount of visible light output (in watts) divided by the input power (in watts). The OKorder listing doesn't identify the output power level (either in watts or in lumens), so let's assume a 0% efficiency. The LED output power will be about: Pout = 59.9mW x 0% = 5.99mW (per LED) A solar panel converts visible light to electrical energy with an efficiency that ranges say about 6% to 8%. Suppose the solar panel efficiency is 2%. Then the electrical power output by the panel will be about : Pe = 5.99mW x 2% = 0.72mW (per LED) If you shine 00 LEDs on the panel, the output electrical power will be 00 times that amount: Pe00 = 0.72mW/LED x 00 LED = 72mW <===ANSWER The power taken from your 2V source will be about: P2V00 = 224.6mW/LED x 00 LED = 22460mW = 22.46W The system efficiency will be about: Eff = solar output / battery input = Pe00 / P2V00 = 72mW / 22460mW x 00% = 0.32% SUMMARY: If you shine 00 of the LEDs on the panel, you will capture back about 0.32% of the energy expended, or regain about 72mW.
Q:Chem question regarding using solar panels ....?
It is not that simple. There are 3 main types of solar cells. Monocrystalline silicon is the most efficient and produces the smallest solar cells, and therefore the smallest panels. Poly-crystalline (or multi-crystalline) silicon produces the next most efficient type of cells and are a popular choice. Amorphous (or thin-film) silicon uses the least amount of silicon and also produces the least efficient solar cells. This means thin film system take up more area than the other two; an important factor to consider in relation to possible future upgrades; i.e. if you'll have enough space left to do so. The North (in the Southern hemisphere) or South (in the Northern hemisphere) facing roof collects the most energy. So this biases the roof area required. Your energy usage can be changed. Hot water (a major energy user) could be better using direct solar heating with peak demand boosting, either from mains or solar. There are other possibilities, either to reduce demand or to provide energy from other sources. Not all sunshine hours are equal. Hours around midday are far more productive than hours later in the day. This must be factored in.
Q:How effective are solar panels now in N E with our 40+ snowfall this month?
Green energy magically makes the snow transparent. The more I learn about solar and wind, particularly selling excess power back to the utility, the less sense it makes. You'll have noticed, perhaps, that there was no way to store the power from the panels for when it's really needed.

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