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Solar Module


ABOUT YINGLI GREEN ENERGY

Yingli Green Energy Holding Company Limited (NYSE: YGE) is one of

the world’s largest fully vertically integrated PV manufacturers, which

markets its products under the brand “Yingli Solar“. With over 7.0GW

of modules installed globally, we are a leading solar energy company

built upon proven product reliability and sustainable performance. We

are the fi rst renewable energy company and the fi rst Chinese company

to sponsor the FIFA World CupTM.

PERFORMANCE

- High effi ciency, multicrystalline silicon solar cells with high transmission

and textured glass deliver a module effi ciency of up to 16.0%,

minimizing installation costs and maximizing the kWh output of your

system per unit area.

- Tight positive power tolerance of 0W to +5W ensures you receive

modules at or above nameplate power and contributes to minimizing

module mismatch losses leading to improved system yield.

- Top ranking in the “TÜV Rheinland Energy Yield Test” and the

“PHOTON Test” demonstrates high performance and annual energy

production.

RELIABILITY

- Tests by independent laboratories prove that Yingli Solar modules:

 Fully conform to certifi cation and regulatory standards.

 Withstand wind loads of up to 2.4kPa and snow loads of up to

5.4kPa, confi rming mechanical stability.

 Successfully endure ammonia and salt-mist exposure at the highest

severity level, ensuring their performance in adverse conditions.

- Manufacturing facility certifi ed by TÜV Rheinland to ISO 9001:2008,

ISO 14001:2004 and BS OHSAS 18001:2007.

WARRANTIES

- 10-year limited product warranty1.

- Limited power warranty1: 10 years at 91.2% of the minimal rated power

output, 25 years at 80.7% of the minimal rated power output.

1In compliance with our Warranty Terms and Conditions.

QUALIFICATIONS & CERTIFICATES

IEC 61215, IEC 61730, MCS, CE, ISO 9001:2008, ISO 14001:2004, BS OHSAS

18001:2007, PV Cycle, SA 8000

ELECTRICAL PERFORMANCE

Electrical parameters at Standard Test Conditions (STC)

Module type YLxxxP-29b (xxx=Pmax)

Power output Pmax W 260 255 250 245 240

Power output tolerances ΔPmax W 0 / + 5

Module effi ciency ηm % 16.0 15.7 15.4 15.1 14.8

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 30.3 30.0 29.8 29.6 29.3

Current at Pmax Impp A 8.59 8.49 8.39 8.28 8.18

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 37.7 37.7 37.6 37.5 37.5

Short-circuit current Isc A 9.09 9.01 8.92 8.83 8.75

Electrical parameters at Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT)

Power output Pmax W 189.7 186.0 182.4 178.7 175.1

Voltage at Pmax Vmpp V 27.6 27.4 27.2 27.0 26.8

Current at Pmax Impp A 6.87 6.79 6.71 6.62 6.54

Open-circuit voltage Voc V 34.8 34.8 34.7 34.6 34.6

Short-circuit current Isc A 7.35 7.28 7.21 7.14 7.07

STC: 1000W/m2 irradiance, 25°C cell temperature, AM1.5g spectrum according to EN 60904-3.

Average relative effi ciency reduction of 3.3% at 200W/m2 according to EN 60904-1.

NOCT: open-circuit module operation temperature at 800W/m2 irradiance, 20°C ambient temperature, 1m/s wind speed.

OPERATING CONDITIONS

Max. system voltage 1000VDC

Max. series fuse rating 15A

Limiting reverse current 15A

Operating temperature range -40°C to 85°C

Max. static load, front (e.g., snow) 5400Pa

Max. static load, back (e.g., wind) 2400Pa

Max. hailstone impact (diameter / velocity) 25mm / 23m/s

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

Front cover (material / thickness) low-iron tempered glass / 3.2mm

Cell (quantity / material / dimensions /

number of busbars)

60 / multicrystalline silicon / 156mm x 156mm / 2 or 3

Encapsulant (material) ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA)

Frame (material / color / anodization color /

edge sealing) anodized aluminum alloy / silver / clear / silicone or tape

Junction box (protection degree) ≥ IP65

Cable (length / cross-sectional area) 1000mm / 4mm2

Plug connector

(type / protection degree) MC4 / IP67 or YT08-1 / IP67 or Amphenol H4 / IP68

PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS

Number of modules per pallet 29

Number of pallets per 40' container 28

Packaging box dimensions

(L / W / H) 1700mm / 1135mm / 1165mm

Box weight 568kg

Unit: mm

• Due to continuous innovation, research and product improvement, the specifi cations in this product information sheet are subject to change

without prior notice. The specifi cations may deviate slightly and are not guaranteed.

• The data do not refer to a single module and they are not part of the offer, they only serve for comparison to different module types



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Q:Will a 2W, 2V mono solar panel power up a laptop battery?
I'm afraid neither of these panels will do much for charging or running your laptop. If the power brick is supposed to emit 5 volts at 5 amps, that's 75 watts. Neither of those panels provides enough voltage and the power output is obviously far too small. The capabilities of solar power are vastly overestimated for small panels. Sunlight is limited to about kilowatt per square meter under ideal conditions (summer time, clear blue sky, for a few hours around noon in the US southwest). But consumer panels top out at about 5% efficiency, so your limit is 50 watts per square meter - in other words you would need about half a square meter, or about six square feet, of panel to provide 75 watts. And even under ideal conditions you will only get that much for a few hours each day. Also, the panel's voltage output is not regulated, so even if you find a panel that emits 5 volts (this would actually have to be made up of groups of 30 cells in series, as they emit half a volt each at most) you can't just connect the panel output into your laptop's DC in. You'd need a regulated DC-to-DC supply, and since that is not 00% efficient it will cost a bit of the power... now you need even more panel area. All in all, not really a practical thing to carry along on a camping trip.
Q:Are solar panels efficiency already calculated in their power rate?
Solar panels are tested in a lab that has a light the produces 000 watt/hrs per square meter. In these conditions your panel will produce 80 watt/hrs. If you would like to know what it does in really world conditions you have to find the sun-hours in your given area. A sun-hour is basically how many watt/hrs hit a square meter in a day. This number changes based on time of year, orientation, and temperature. Here in Fairbanks Alaska if the panel was at 90 degrees facing true south in October (.9 sun-hours) It would produce 80 X .9 X .8 (20% efficiency loss due to wires and controllers) it would produce 273.6 watt/hrs on average each day.
Q:when building a solar panel should the diode be on the positive or negative side?
I'm assuming you're talking about the blocking diode and not the bypass diodes. Positive side.
Q:Have a question about mobile homes and solar panels!!!?
I was in debt up to my eyeballs, and I needed help fast, so I looked to some free online programs. I had tried so many that were scams, but I finally found one legit one! In two months, I paid off $3000 of my debt.
Q:How do solar panel power systems work?
Solar power works by making solar cells of two kinds of glass; one which has been “doped” to have too many electrons, and the other which has been “doped” to have too few electrons. These layers of glass are then glued together with a thin insulation layer in between them. The top layer of glass is the one with too many electrons, the bottom layer of glass has too few electrons, and the insulation allows electrons to pass from the bottom layer to the top layer easily, but not from the top layer to the bottom layer as easily. As photons come flying into this glass sandwich at the speed of light, the photons crash into the electrons in both layers and cause them to start moving. The electrons in the top layer are tightly packed and can’t move much, but the electrons in the bottom layer can move around enough that they end up crossing through the insulation into the top layer. However, because there are already too many electrons in the top layer, the newly arrived electrons have no place to rest. This buildup of electrons creates an “electrical pressure”. Then contacts are glued to the glass top and bottom, and a wire is added to connect the top layer to the bottom, and the electrical pressure which has built up in the top layer now has a way to escape, and the extra electrons which crossed over the bottom to the top can now return to the bottom layer. This flow of electrons from the top layer to the bottom layer is the electricity generated by the solar cell. A solar “panel” is made up of many of these cells wired in series to increase the voltage to make it high enough to do some useful work, such as charging batteries, and many of these panels can be wired together to do such things as supplying power to a building, or even supplying power to the utility grid.
Q:Are photovoltaic cells the same as solar panels?
Solar panels are covered with photovoltaic cells that convert sunlight into electricity. So photovoltaic cells are part of solar panel. renewableenergyarticles.blogspot....
Q:Why are solar panels effected by operating temperature?
Absolutely temperature matters. So what do higher temperatures do to solar photovoltaic panels? As temperatures rise, the efficiency of solar panels decreases. Heat causes electrical resistance to the flow of electrons. On days where the temperature is more than 75 degrees, the electrical resistance makes the voltage fall thereby producing less kilowatts per hour. Your roof is much hotter than temperatures on the ground. That’s why solar panels are not mounted flat to a roof. There’s usually a few inches of spaces between the panels and roof so air flow can easily pass through and cool the panels down. There are some photovoltaic panels that are designed specifically to operate in hotter temperatures. These panels have a higher temperature coefficient. This is especially important in high heat climates like Arizona or New Mexico, but probably wouldn’t make too much of a difference in New England (except maybe this year). If someone lives in one of these areas, they should speak to a solar installer to make sure they are using they right equipment for their region. Please note: Solar thermal panels used to heat water can withstand high temperatures without any degradation. In fact, hotter temperatures would actually be better for these types of modules.
Q:Information on Solar Panels?
Solar panels can convert sunlight into electricity which can be used in daily life,solar panels utilize sunrays,it doesn't discharge any polluted gas,it is environment friendly,it is also cost effective,you can make money by sell the surplus electricity to your country, On question is that solar panles have to be use in where sun is abundent.
Q:How much for a 8kwh solar panel system?
Figure 8 hours of sun per day, so 8 kW-hr is a rate of kW, which is a medium sized panel, probably not enough to operate your house totally, unless you have a very small unit. Averaged over 24 hours, that is power at a rate of only 300 watts, enough for a TV. Average US home use is .2 kW, which over 24 hours is 29 kW-hr, plus you need extra for cloudy days, peak demands, and to charge batteries. You have to decide off-grid or on-grid, and if you want to (and are allowed to) sell excess power to the power company. Off gird, the cost of batteries and charge controller are a large part of the cost. On-grid, you have to purchase equipment approved by the power company to match your power with the grid. Panels will cost about $3 per watt, so for 000 watts that is $3000. Double that for installation, then add in cost of charge controller, inverter, batteries, etc. The last items depend on your alternatives, see paragraph above. .
Q:Do solar panels steal sunlight from nearby plants?
solar panels don't literary attract light but when the light hits it it turns into stored energy planets dont give of heat or ray if u mean stars like the sun yes. it doesn't have anything to do with planets its star noble gases that stuff u can steal light it just gets it other than wasting it solar panels are better than those factory thingys

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