Refractory Raw Materials-Metal silicon Materials

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Bauxite is a naturally occurring, heterogeneous material composed primarily of one or more aluminum hydroxide minerals, plus various mixtures of silica, iron oxide, titania, aluminosilicate, and other impurities in minor or trace amounts.


Aluminium is a product of increasing importance for manufacturing because of its light weight, strength and durability as well as its capacity to be recycled. On a life cycle assessment basis, the high strength to weight ratio of aluminium results in significant fuel savings, particularly where substitution can be made for heavier construction materials.


With high aluminum
Low iron
Low silicon and low alkali content


In the same condition, using manganese or silicon to deoxidize separately, the burn out rate are 46% and 37%, but it is only 29% if using manganese alloy to deoxidize. So, it is used widely to smelting steel and its output increases faster than ferroalloy's, so has become an indispensable composite deoxidizing and alloy additives in steel industry. The silicon-manganese which contains carbon below 1.9% still is used to produce medium/low-carbon ferromanganese and semi-finished products of electro silicothermic process manganese metal.

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Q:Which company needs the new refractories?
The power plants are mainly used in steel plant, lime kiln, coking plants, boilers, etc. I will try my best to answer what I can. There are too many glassworks. You can tell me more anout what you need. As long as there is a large kiln business, the refractories and aluminum manufacturer are needed.
Q:What are the applications of refractory?
Refractory materials are widely used in iron and steel smelting , glass, cement kilns, non-ferrous metal metallurgy, environmental protection, and chemical, etc. For example: For a car of 1.5 tons, do you you know how much refractory it use? The answer is: To produce top hat or other steel products, glass for vehicle windows, nonferrous metals kile aluminum and copper, plastic products of the body all needs refractory. A car of 1.5 tons needs to consume a total of 10Kg refractories.
Q:For refractory, why is it necessary to store the first mixing materials for some time under proper moisture and temperature?
It is mainly to remove gas form chemical reactions in the pug, give full play to plasticity and binding properties of combined, and store unburned brick whose cememting agent is phosphoric acid or aluminium phosphate for some time under proper moisture and temperature. For example, to avoid the formed bricks in the initial stage of drying and firing form cracking due to hydration of calcium oxide. Mixing materials is to store the first mixing materials for some time under proper moisture and temperature in order to improve the evenness and moldability of pud, such as making the distribution of combined clay and water more even. The length of storing chiefly depends on the process requirements and the characteristics of blanks. For the producing pug of high temperature kiln furnitures, the storing time is longer. The function of storing mxing materials varies with different natures of blanks. For honeycomb ceramics, it is to fully digest calcium oxide in blanks. For storing magnesia brick blanks containing much calcium oxide, it should be stored for some time in proper humidity and temperature.
Q:What is the concept of lightweight refractory material?
Lightweight refractory material has high porosity, mechanical strength and erosion resistance. Compared with normal refractory bricks, it is a kind of refractory material with large volume shrinkage in high temperature, low thermal conductivity and small bulk density. It is used as thermal insulation material in industrial furnace and other thermal equipments. It has poor wear resistancel.
Q:what is the Specifications Grading for Fireproof rubber insulation materials ?
At present, China Building Materials has two grading criteria for combustion performance. "Combustion Performance Classification Method of Building Materials" and "Combustion Performance Classification Method of Building Materials and Products" (GB8624-2006). Among them, one of the major changes of GB8624-2006 and GB8624-1997 is to divide the material combustion performance grading from homogenous material)Class A (composite sandwich material), B1, B2 and B3 level five minutes as A1, A2, B, C, D, E, F seven levels.
Q:Who knows about the types of Dalian thermal insulating and refractory materials?
(1) rock wool board: the heat conductivity coefficient is 0.041-0.045. It is fire retardant, has a great temperature absorption while a poor thermal insulation performance. (2) glass wool: it is simple in construction and free in cutting. It has advantages of antibiosis, mould proof, aging resistance and anticorrosion, and can ensure a healthy environment. It has a low hygroscopicity and a stable physical property. (3) expanding polystyrene board(EPS board): thermal conductivity: 0.037-0.041, it has a good thermal insulation performance, cheap price but a poor intensity. (4) extruded polystyrene board(XPS board): thermal conductivity: 0.028-0.03, it has a better thermal insulation performance, high intensity, moisture resistance while it is expensive, and requires surface treatments during construction. (5) gelatine powder polyphenyl granule heat insulating slurry: heat conductivity coefficient: 0.057-0.06, it has a good flame resistance while a poor thermal insulation performance, as well as has high construction requirements and can be recycled. (6) polyurethane foam: heat conductivity coefficient: 0.025-0.028, it has advantages of waterproofness, thermal insulation, high intensity, high integrity, and good integrity, but it has a poor fireproof performance and is more expensive. (7) rigid polyurethane: heat conductivity coefficient: 0.018-0.023, it has advantages of low heat conductivity coefficient and good thermal performance. When the unit weight of rigid polyurethane is 35 to 40kg per cubic meters, it is equivalent to half of the EPS. It is the one with the lowest heat conductivity coefficient among all the thermal insulation materials. (8) perlite slurry: heat conductivity coefficient: 0.07-0.09, it has advantages of fire and high-temperature resistance, and high water absorption but is poor in thermal insulation.
Q:Do you know what the main indicators are for the inspection of refractory materials? Thank you very much for your requests and reports
Porosity, volume density, water absorption, true density, thermal expansion, thermal conductivity and heat capacity.
Q:What's the fire retardant material of roller shutter fire resistance door ?
Core board of fire door materials are composited by inorganic materials, and the main components are perlite, inorganic adhesive and other special formula. It has flat and smooth surface, unibody. It is fireproof, sound and thermal insulating. It has passed tests of Tianjin Fire Research Institute and Beijing construction institute.
Q:What are the chemical composition of refractory cement?
Calcium aluminate prepared by calcining as the main component. Aluminate cement takes bauxite and limestone as raw materials, alumina content of about 50% as the clinker. And it is a hydraulic cementing material made by grinding. Refractory cement is also known as aluminate cement.
Q:Graphite and other carbon materials may be oxidized to CO or CO2 at high temperatures. But why can they be refractories?
There is no contradiction for this. Any substance can be combustible, but different materials have different ignition points.There are many types of graphite. Pyrolytic graphite has a much lower ignition point. Therefore, as long as it reaches at a certain temperature, it can convert into graphite. Mostly, in practical applications (such as brake pads will add a certain amount of graphite), graphite is required to have refractoriness of below 1000 ℃. Graphite can serves as both the combustible and refractory material. So, it can be used as a fire-resistant and high-temperature-resisrant material because graphite (lamellar graphite) has a ignition point of at least 3000 degrees in an oxygen free condition. The above information is for reference only and is offered by Xin Ruida Graphite Company.

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