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Description of forklift:


A forklift truck (also called a lift truck, a fork truck, or a forklift) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials short distances. The forklift was developed in the early 20th century by various companies including the transmission manufacturing company Clark and the hoist company Yale & Towne Manufacturing. Following World War II the use and development of the forklift truck has greatly expanded worldwide. Forklifts have become an indispensable piece of equipment in manufacturing and warehousing operations. In 2013 alone the top 20 manufacturers worldwide posted sales of $30.4 billion with 944,405 machines sold.;and the U.S. forklift market was nearly $33 billion.


A forklift truck being used during World War II

The middle nineteenth century through the early twentieth century saw the developments that led to today's modern forklifts. The forerunner of the modern forklift were manually powered hoists that were used to lift loads. In 1906 the Pennsylvania Railroad introduced battery powered platform trucks for moving luggage at their Altoona, Pennsylvania train station. World War I saw the development of different types of material handling equipment in the United Kingdom by Ransomes, Sims & Jefferies of Ipswich. This was in part due to the labor shortages caused by the war. In 1917 Clark in the United States began developing and using powered tractor and powered lift tractors in their factories. In 1919 the Towmotor Company, and Yale & Towne Manufacturing in 1920, entered the lift truck market in the United States. Continuing development and expanded use of the forklift continued through the 1920s and 1930s. The introduction of hydraulic power and the development of the first electric power forklifts, along with the use of standardized pallets in the late 1930s, helped to increase the popularity of forklift trucks.


The start of World War II, like World War I before, spurred the use of forklift trucks in the war effort. Following the war, more efficient methods for storing products in warehouses were being implemented. Warehouses needed more maneuverable forklift trucks that could reach greater heights and new forklift models were made that filled this need. For example, in 1954 a British company named Lansing Bagnall, now part of KION Group, developed what was claimed to be the first narrow aisle electric reach truck.The development changed the design of warehouses leading to narrower aisles and higher load stacking that increased storage capability.During the 1950s and 1960s operator safety became a concern due to the increasing lifting heights and capacities. Safety features such as load back rests and operator cages, called overhead guards, began to be added to forklifts produced in this era. In the late 1980s ergonomic design began to be incorporated in new forklift designs to improve operator comfort, reduce injuries and increase productivity. During the 1990s exhaust emissions from forklift operations began to be addressed which led to emission standards being implemented for forklift manufacturers in various countries. The introduction of AC power forklifts, along with fuel cell technology, are also refinements in continuing forklift development In 2011, the size of the forklift manufacturing industry was nearly $27 billion.


Technical data of forklift:


1KG=2.2LB 1INCH=25.4MM

Mast table FE3R16AC

Capacity table(kg) c=500mm Truck
Closed mast heightExtended
mast height
Forward backward tiltFE3R16ACWidthTruck
h3 mmh2 mmh1 mmh4 mmα/β(°)Without sideshift With sideshiftmmmm
two-stage250014516503420      3/6 160016001030858
270014518503620  3/6 160016001030858
300014520003920  3/6 160016001030858
330014521504220  3/6 160015001030858
360014523004520  3/6 150014001030858
400014525004920  3/6 135012501030858
430014526505220  3/6 120011001030858
450014527505420  3/6 10509001030858
full free
2500120016503420  3/6 160016001030858
2700130018503620  3/6 160016001030858
3000150020003920  3/6 160015001030858
3300170021504220  3/6 160015001030858
3600180023004520  3/6 150014001030858
4000200025004920  3/6 135012501030858
three-stage 4000130018954920  3/6 125011501030858
4300140019055220  3/6 115010501030858
4500150019555420  3/6 10509501030858
4800160020555720  3/6 9007501030858
5000170021055920  3/6 7506001030858

IdentificationManufacturer’s type designation FE3R16AC
Drive:electric(battery or mains),diesel, petrol gas,manual electric
Type of operation : hand ,pedestrian ,standing, seated,order-picker seated
Load Capacity /rated loadQ (kg)1600
Load center distanceC(mm)500
Load distance, centre of drive axle to forkX(mm)330
WeightsService Weight ind,battery(see line 6.5)Kg3034
Axle loading, laden front/rearKg4170/464
Axle loading, unladen front/rearKg1214/1820
Tyres:solid rubber, superelastic, pneumatic, polyurethane) SE
Tyre size, front 457x178x308
Tyre size, rear 18x7-8
Wheels, number front/rear(x=driven wheels) 2x/1x
Track width,frontb10(mm)884
Track width,rearb11(mm)-
Basic DimensionsMast/fork carriage tilt forward/backwardα/β(°)3/6
Lowered mast heighth1(mm)2150
Free lifth2(mm)145
Lift heighth3(mm)3300
Extended mast heighth4(mm)4159
Overhead load guard heighth6(mm)1990
Seat height/standing heighth7(mm)950
Coupling heighth10(mm)432
Overall lengthl1(mm)1869
Length to face of forksl2(mm)1869
Overall widthb1/b2(mm)1060
Fork dimensionss/e/l(mm)100x35x920
Fork carriage widthb3(mm)980
Ground clearance,laden, under mastm1(mm)100
Ground clearance, center of wheelbasem2(mm)110
Aisle width for pallets 1000x1200 crosswaysAst(mm)3069
Turning radiusWa(mm)1539
Performance DataTravel Speed, laden/unladenkm/h10/10
Lift speed, laden/unladenmm/s240/400
Lowering speed, laden/unladenmm/s400/300
Gradient performance,laden/unladen S2 30min%10/15
Service brake hydr./mech.
E-MotorDrive motor rating s2 60minkw5
Lift motor rating at s3 15%kw7.5
Battery voltage, norminal capacity K5V/Ah48/400
Battery weightkg665
OthersType of drive control AC
Operating pressure for attachmentsMPa14.5
Sound level at driver’s ear according to EN12053dB(A)75



Images of forklift:



FAQ of forklift:

Q: What’s the function of forklift?

A: A forklift truck (also called a lift truck, a fork truck, or a forklift) is a powered industrial truck used to lift and move materials short distances. The forklift was developed in the early 20th century by various companies including the transmission manufacturing company Clark and the hoist company Yale & Towne Manufacturing. Following World War II the use and development of the forklift truck has greatly expanded worldwide. Forklifts have become an indispensable piece of equipment in manufacturing and warehousing operations.


Q: What’s the general operations of forklift:

A: Forklift cab with control layout.

Forklifts are rated for loads at a specified maximum weight and a specified forward center of gravity. This information is located on a nameplate provided by the manufacturer, and loads must not exceed these specifications. In many jurisdictions it is illegal to remove or tamper with the nameplate without the permission of the forklift manufacturer.


Q: What are the Forklift safety Standards?

A: 1, Forklift safety is subject to a variety of standards world wide. The most important standard is the ANSI B56—of which stewardship has now been passed from the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) to the Industrial Truck Standards Development Foundation after multi-year negotiations. ITSDF is a non-profit organization whose only purpose is the promulgation and modernization of the B56 standard.  

2, Other forklift safety standards have been implemented in the United States by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and in the United Kingdom by the Health and Safety Executive.

3, Driver safety: In many countries forklift truck operators must be trained and certified to operate forklift trucks. Certification may be required for each individual class of lift that an operator would use.


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