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Calcium Fluoride CaF2 crystals
CaF2 is a crystal with good transmission from 170 nm to 7800 nm. It is slightly soluble in water and susceptible to thermal shock. CaF2 is commonly used in IR components such as windows, lenses and prisms.
Calcium Fluoride is used for optical windows, lenses and prisms in transmision range 0.15-9mkm. Degradation due to to moisture in the atmosphere is minimal, and polished surfaces of the CaF2 windows may be expected to withstand several years exposure to normal atmospheric conditions.
Since they are nonaxial, CaF2 crystals do not require consideration of axial direction. Because of CaF2 low refractive index, Calcium Fluoride windows can be used without an anti-reflection coating.
Calcium Fluoride is attacked by atmospheric moisture at 600°C, where it begins to soften. The top use temperature is 800C, when moisture is not present. Irradiation of Calcium Fluoride windows causes some loss in UV transmission. CaF2 is sensitive to thermal shock.
Typical applications: VUV - UV - IR imaging systems, excimer laser windows, Spectroscopic windows and lenses. Alkor produces CaF2 windows and mirrors for European manufacturers of gas detectors and gas analyzers.
Maximum diameter of CaF2 windows by Jarvis - 220mm (8"). Jarvis manufactures vacuum UV grade CaF2 windows and lenses (193nm and 157nm) upon request.
1. Calcium fluoride crystal (Coating material)
Cut off wavelength 0.13~9μm
Moh’s hardness: 4 Gpa
Coefficient of linear expansion: 1.84 x 10-5/k
Calcium Fluoride is often used in spectroscopic windows and lenses due to its high transmission from 350nm to 7μm. Calcium Fluoride is also commonly found in cryogenically cooled thermal imaging systems. Its low absorption and high damage threshold makes it a popular choice for excimer laser optics. Calcium Fluoride's low refractive index allows it to be used without an antireflective coating. The Knoop hardness of Calcium Fluoride is 158.3.
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