Aluminum ingot for any use

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Aluminium foil acts as a total barrier to light and oxygen (which cause fats to oxidise or become rancid), odours and flavours, moistness, and germs, it is used broadly in food and pharmaceutical packaging. The purpose of aluminium is to make long-life packs (aseptic processing|aseptic packaging) for drinks and dairy goods, which allows storing without refrigeration. Aluminium foil containers and trays are used to bake pies and to pack takeaway meals, ready snacks and long life pet foods.

Aluminium foil is widely sold into the consumer market, often in rolls of 500 mm (20 in) width and several metres in length.It is used for wrapping food in order to preserve it, for example, when storing leftover food in a refrigerator (where it serves the additional purpose of preventing odour exchange), when taking sandwiches on a journey, or when selling some kinds of take-away or fast food. Tex-Mex restaurants in the United States, for example, typically provide take-away burritos wrapped in aluminium foil.

Aluminium foils thicker than 25 μm (1 mil) are impermeable to oxygen and water. Foils thinner than this become slightly permeable due to minute pinholes caused by the production process.

Aluminium foil has a shiny side and a matte side. The shiny side is produced when the aluminium is rolled during the final pass. It is difficult to produce rollers with a gap fine enough to cope with the foil gauge, therefore, for the final pass, two sheets are rolled at the same time, doubling the thickness of the gauge at entry to the rollers. When the sheets are later separated, the inside surface is dull, and the outside surface is shiny. This difference in the finish has led to the perception that favouring a side has an effect when cooking. While many believe that the different properties keep heat out when wrapped with the shiny finish facing out, and keep heat in with the shiny finish facing inwards, the actual difference is imperceptible without instrumentation.The reflectivity of bright aluminium foil is 88% while dull embossed foil is about 80%.

We provide a full range of precision aluminum strip for almost any application. We produce aluminum strip in a wide variety of alloys, including clad composites. Our aluminum strip can be produced in standard dimensions or custom made to your special requirements. We produce both imperial and metric units. We manufacture in compliance with the main international specifications, and tighter tolerances or custom tempers are available upon request. We offer various surface conditions, custom finishes (painting, anodizing, embossing), special processing, and multiple packaging options to meet our customer's unique requirements. The following is a summary of our capabilities.

Manufactured in compliance with the main international specifications and standards, including:  Aluminum Association, ASTM, EN, and DIN.
We can also manufacture in compliance with other international standards including:ASME, SAE, AMS, AWS, FED, MIL, QQ, ISO, BS, AFNOR, JIS and GOST.

Manufactured in compliance with the main international specifications and standards.
Tighter tolerances are available upon request.


Aluminium (or aluminum; see spelling differences) is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery white, soft, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal in the Earth's crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth's solid surface. Aluminium metal is so chemically reactive that native specimens are rare and limited to extreme reducing environments. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals.The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite.

Aluminium is remarkable for the metal's low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas of transportation and structural materials. The most useful compounds of aluminium, at least on a weight basis, are the oxides and sulfates.

Despite its prevalence in the environment, no known form of life uses aluminium salts metabolically. In keeping with its pervasiveness, aluminium is well tolerated by plants and animals. Owing to their prevalence, potential beneficial (or otherwise) biological roles of aluminium compounds are of continuing interest.



Coal (from the Old English term col, which has meant "mineral of fossilized carbon" since the 13th century)is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams. The harder forms, such as anthracite coal, can be regarded as metamorphic rock because of later exposure to elevated temperature and pressure. Coal is composed primarily of carbon along with variable quantities of other elements, chiefly hydrogen, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen.

Throughout history, coal has been used as an energy resource, primarily burned for the production of electricity and/or heat, and is also used for industrial purposes, such as refining metals. A fossil fuel, coal forms when dead plant matter is converted into peat, which in turn is converted into lignite, then sub-bituminous coal, after that bituminous coal, and lastly anthracite. This involves biological and geological processes that take place over a long period. The Energy Information Administration estimates coal reserves at 948×109 short tons (860 Gt).One estimate for resources is 18 000 Gt.

Coal is the largest source of energy for the generation of electricity worldwide, as well as one of the largest worldwide anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide releases. In 1999, world gross carbon dioxide emissions from coal usage were 8,666 million tonnes of carbon dioxide.In 2011, world gross emissions from coal usage were 14,416 million tonnes.Coal-fired electric power generation emits around 2,000 pounds of carbon dioxide for every megawatt-hour generated, which is almost double the approximately 1100 pounds of carbon dioxide released by a natural gas-fired electric plant per megawatt-hour generated. Because of this higher carbon efficiency of natural gas generation, as the market in the United States has changed to reduce coal and increase natural gas generation, carbon dioxide emissions have fallen. Those measured in the first quarter of 2012 were the lowest of any recorded for the first quarter of any year since 1992.In 2013, the head of the UN climate agency advised that most of the world's coal reserves should be left in the ground to avoid catastrophic global warming.

Coal is extracted from the ground by coal mining, either underground by shaft mining, or at ground level by open pit mining extraction. Since 1983 the world top coal producer has been China.In 2011 China produced 3,520 million tonnes of coal – 49.5% of 7,695 million tonnes world coal production. In 2011 other large producers were United States (993 million tonnes), India (589), European Union (576) and Australia (416).[9] In 2010 the largest exporters were Australia with 328 million tonnes (27.1% of world coal export) and Indonesia with 316 million tonnes (26.1%),while the largest importers were Japan with 207 million tonnes (17.5% of world coal import), China with 195 million tonnes (16.6%) and South Korea with 126 million tonnes (10.7%).

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Q:What's the difference between the cold rolling and hot rolling.
The aluminum foil has no hot rolling and the original billet isn't cold rolling.
Q:As for graphite and aluminum sheet, which one has a better thermal conductivity?
aluminum sheet
Q:How is the aluminum foil used in the daily life?
4, wine packaging. Many people know the wine, but many people do not know in the end the bottles on which part of the aluminum foil. Ah, yes, bottles aluminum foil on the bottle neck is the package goes in the mouth and wrinkled thin wine closure. Since aluminum has good ductility, tensile properties and easy printing features in recent years with the health standards of beer, wine foil seal gradually widely used in beer, wine and bottlenecks advanced soy sauce bottle sealed packaging.
Q:Are the aluminum foil bag and the aluminum plastic composite bag the same thing?
They are different. the aluminum foil bag (antistatic bag,aluminum foil package bag) the facade of aluminum foil bag: transparent and silver white,barrier property,heat sealability,light prevention,heat resistance, cold resistance,frgarance holding;poisonousless,softness,ect.the stcucture of the product:PET/AL/PET/PE. the aluminum plastic composite bag has many advantages:low cost, beautiful prints;anti-static,ultraviolet-proof,moistureproof,oxygen partition,lightproof,cold-resistance,printing oil resistance,heat resistance,freshness preservetion and leakproofness.
Q:How about the heat dissipation of aluminum tape?
1. To increase thermal conductivity by wrapping the copper pipe for heat dissipation with aluminum tape. 2. To increase heat dissipation by sealing the heat fin and fan port with aluminum tape. 3. To increase heat dissipation by taping video memory with aluminum tape or importing a heat fin to the main board.
Q:How to use aluminum tape?
Aluminum tape is suitable for all kinds of transformers, mobile phone, computer, PDA, PDP, LED displays, notebook computers, copiers and other electronic products in which electromagnetic shielding is required. Decorative aluminum foil is an aluminum-plastic composite material used for decoration by taking advantage of good colorability and high heat reflectivity of aluminum foil. It is mainly used in building, furniture decoration and part of gift box packaging.
Q:What does 1060 stand for in 1060 aluminum rolling?
Aluminum coils can be divided into 9 categories, among which 1060 series is one kind, standing for 1050, 1060. Series 1000 is called pure aluminum plate which contents most aluminum with purity above 99.00% and is most common in general industries. As no other technical elements are involved, the production process is simple and the price is relatively cheap. The majority in the current market are series 1050 and 1060. The last two digits in series 1000 indicate the required aluminum content. For example, the last two digits series 1050 is 50. According to International Grades Naming Principle and Chinese Aluminum Alloy Technical Standard (gB/T3880-2006), the aluminum content of qualified series 1050 must reaches 99.5%.
Q:What are the production processes of aluminum coil and what are the functions of various industrial furnaces in the production of aluminum? The more detailed, the better. Thank you! Points!
There are aluminum annealing furnace, aluminum alloy quenching furnace, aging furnace and smelting furnace.
Q:Are high-temperature aluminum foil?
The role of aluminum foil: The first is to prevent food sticking baking sheet; The second is to prevent food tainted dirt; The third is easy to brush the pan; The fourth is when there is some grilled food seasoning, stuffing and other fear dissipated with aluminum foil on the package; The fifth is to prevent moisture loss and keep fresh.
Q:What's the difference between colored aluminum and coated aluminum foil?
According to your description, I suggest you adopt acid pickling process. The basic principle is that aluminum foil will conduct oxidation reaction after being put into the acid to change the color of aluminum foil, which will meet your requirement. The color belongs to aluminum itself not painted by people! This method can get many colors like golden and milky. Different acid ratio will lead to different color.

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