Aluminum foil for lidding use

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Aluminium alloys with a wide range of properties are used in engineering structures. Alloy systems are classified by a number system (ANSI) or by names indicating their main alloying constituents (DIN and ISO).

The strength and durability of aluminium alloys vary widely, not only as a result of the components of the specific alloy, but also as a result of heat treatments and manufacturing processes. A lack of knowledge of these aspects has from time to time led to improperly designed structures and gained aluminium a bad reputation.

One important structural limitation of aluminium alloys is their fatigue strength. Unlike steels, aluminium alloys have no well-defined fatigue limit, meaning that fatigue failure eventually occurs, under even very small cyclic loadings. This implies that engineers must assess these loads and design for a fixed life rather than an infinite life.

Another important property of aluminium alloys is their sensitivity to heat. Workshop procedures involving heating are complicated by the fact that aluminium, unlike steel, melts without first glowing red. Forming operations where a blow torch is used therefore require some expertise, since no visual signs reveal how close the material is to melting. Aluminium alloys, like all structural alloys, also are subject to internal stresses following heating operations such as welding and casting. The problem with aluminium alloys in this regard is their low melting point, which make them more susceptible to distortions from thermally induced stress relief. Controlled stress relief can be done during manufacturing by heat-treating the parts in an oven, followed by gradual cooling—in effect annealing the stresses.

The low melting point of aluminium alloys has not precluded their use in rocketry; even for use in constructing combustion chambers where gases can reach 3500 K. The Agena upper stage engine used a regeneratively cooled aluminium design for some parts of the nozzle, including the thermally critical throat region.

Another alloy of some value is aluminium bronze (Cu-Al alloy).



Aluminium foil acts as a total barrier to light and oxygen (which cause fats to oxidise or become rancid), odours and flavours, moistness, and germs, it is used broadly in food and pharmaceutical packaging. The purpose of aluminium is to make long-life packs (aseptic processing|aseptic packaging) for drinks and dairy goods, which allows storing without refrigeration. Aluminium foil containers and trays are used to bake pies and to pack takeaway meals, ready snacks and long life pet foods.

Aluminium foil is widely sold into the consumer market, often in rolls of 500 mm (20 in) width and several metres in length.It is used for wrapping food in order to preserve it, for example, when storing leftover food in a refrigerator (where it serves the additional purpose of preventing odour exchange), when taking sandwiches on a journey, or when selling some kinds of take-away or fast food. Tex-Mex restaurants in the United States, for example, typically provide take-away burritos wrapped in aluminium foil.

Aluminium foils thicker than 25 μm (1 mil) are impermeable to oxygen and water. Foils thinner than this become slightly permeable due to minute pinholes caused by the production process.

Aluminium foil has a shiny side and a matte side. The shiny side is produced when the aluminium is rolled during the final pass. It is difficult to produce rollers with a gap fine enough to cope with the foil gauge, therefore, for the final pass, two sheets are rolled at the same time, doubling the thickness of the gauge at entry to the rollers. When the sheets are later separated, the inside surface is dull, and the outside surface is shiny. This difference in the finish has led to the perception that favouring a side has an effect when cooking. While many believe that the different properties keep heat out when wrapped with the shiny finish facing out, and keep heat in with the shiny finish facing inwards, the actual difference is imperceptible without instrumentation.The reflectivity of bright aluminium foil is 88% while dull embossed foil is about 80%.

We provide a full range of precision aluminum strip for almost any application. We produce aluminum strip in a wide variety of alloys, including clad composites. Our aluminum strip can be produced in standard dimensions or custom made to your special requirements. We produce both imperial and metric units. We manufacture in compliance with the main international specifications, and tighter tolerances or custom tempers are available upon request. We offer various surface conditions, custom finishes (painting, anodizing, embossing), special processing, and multiple packaging options to meet our customer's unique requirements. The following is a summary of our capabilities.

Manufactured in compliance with the main international specifications and standards, including:  Aluminum Association, ASTM, EN, and DIN.
We can also manufacture in compliance with other international standards including:ASME, SAE, AMS, AWS, FED, MIL, QQ, ISO, BS, AFNOR, JIS and GOST.

Manufactured in compliance with the main international specifications and standards.
Tighter tolerances are available upon request.


Aluminium (or aluminum; see spelling differences) is a chemical element in the boron group with symbol Al and atomic number 13. It is a silvery white, soft, ductile metal. Aluminium is the third most abundant element (after oxygen and silicon), and the most abundant metal in the Earth's crust. It makes up about 8% by weight of the Earth's solid surface. Aluminium metal is so chemically reactive that native specimens are rare and limited to extreme reducing environments. Instead, it is found combined in over 270 different minerals.The chief ore of aluminium is bauxite.

Aluminium is remarkable for the metal's low density and for its ability to resist corrosion due to the phenomenon of passivation. Structural components made from aluminium and its alloys are vital to the aerospace industry and are important in other areas of transportation and structural materials. The most useful compounds of aluminium, at least on a weight basis, are the oxides and sulfates.

Despite its prevalence in the environment, no known form of life uses aluminium salts metabolically. In keeping with its pervasiveness, aluminium is well tolerated by plants and animals. Owing to their prevalence, potential beneficial (or otherwise) biological roles of aluminium compounds are of continuing interest.

The earliest citation given in the Oxford English Dictionary for any word used as a name for this element is alumium, which British chemist and inventor Humphry Davy employed in 1808 for the metal he was trying to isolate electrolytically from the mineral alumina. The citation is from the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: "Had I been so fortunate as to have obtained more certain evidences on this subject, and to have procured the metallic substances I was in search of, I should have proposed for them the names of silicium, alumium, zirconium, and glucium."

Davy settled on aluminum by the time he published his 1812 book Chemical Philosophy: "This substance appears to contain a peculiar metal, but as yet Aluminum has not been obtained in a perfectly free state, though alloys of it with other metalline substances have been procured sufficiently distinct to indicate the probable nature of alumina."[69] But the same year, an anonymous contributor to the Quarterly Review, a British political-literary journal, in a review of Davy's book, objected to aluminum and proposed the name aluminium, "for so we shall take the liberty of writing the word, in preference to aluminum, which has a less classical sound."

The -ium suffix conformed to the precedent set in other newly discovered elements of the time: potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium, and strontium (all of which Davy isolated himself). Nevertheless, -um spellings for elements were not unknown at the time, as for example platinum, known to Europeans since the 16th century, molybdenum, discovered in 1778, and tantalum, discovered in 1802. The -um suffix is consistent with the universal spelling alumina for the oxide (as opposed to aluminia), as lanthana is the oxide of lanthanum, and magnesia, ceria, and thoria are the oxides of magnesium, cerium, and thorium respectively.

The aluminum spelling is used in the Webster's Dictionary of 1828. In his advertising handbill for his new electrolytic method of producing the metal in 1892, Charles Martin Hall used the -um spelling, despite his constant use of the -ium spelling in all the patents[58] he filed between 1886 and 1903. It has consequently been suggested[by whom?] that the spelling reflects an easier-to-pronounce word with one fewer syllable, or that the spelling on the flyer was a mistake.[citation needed] Hall's domination of production of the metal ensured that aluminum became the standard English spelling in North America

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Q:Aluminum usage. Chemistry help!?
There are a number of reasons of which the main one is cost. To extract aluminium from its ore is very expensive since it can only be done using electrolysis of the molten ore. This requires high temperatures and currents. In contrast iron can be extracted by smelting, simply heating the ore (to only a few hundred degrees) with carbon. The cheapest option that does the job safely will always be the one chosen. Another reason is that many alloys have properties similar to, or better than aluminium, again for less cost. Many titanium alloys for example are incredibly strong and can be made light using a carefully controlled composition.
Q:Are aluminum foil container poisonous?
Light weight aluminum foil products, the products meet the national food hygiene standards. And recycling convenient, no 'harmful substances in the process, and does not pollute renewable resources. Aluminum lunch boxes for aviation product line more food and retail food cake, update speed consume larger quantities. For a bulk sale. Cake cooking food store and finished food packaging are multiple use foil container. Market wide, wide popularization.
Q:Science project: Cost of Aluminium? 10 points?
Welcome to the LME Aluminium hub page. In this useful section of the site you will find information relating to the LME's largest traded contract. For convenience, settlement prices, opening stocks and the forward price curve for Aluminium are detailed below. From this page you can also navigate to the LME Aluminium contract specification, details of the Aluminium committee members, consumption and production information, and current listed brands. LME Official Prices (US$/tonne) for 24 Nov 2010 LME Official Opening Stock (in tonnes) ALUMINIUM CASH BUYER 2,241.00 CASH SELLER SETTLEMENT 2,242.00 3-MONTHS BUYER 2,262.50 3-MONTHS SELLER 2,263.50 15-MONTHS BUYER 2,325.00 15-MONTHS SELLER 2,330.00 27-MONTHS BUYER 2,383.00 27-MONTHS SELLER 2,388.00 DATE ALUMINIUM 24 Nov 2010 4291675
Q:What is called soft canned?
Advantages retort: Can high-temperature sterilization, long-term preservation. Thermal resistance of small, fast heat transfer. Sterilization time can be shortened. Sealing performance, airtight, opaque, impermeable, the contents of almost no chemical reaction occurs. Sealing easy and secure. Light weight, small size, easy to carry. Easy to open, attractive packaging. Waste packaging material easy to handle.
Q:Application of aluminium foil
The main raw materials are bauxite, aluminium hydroxide, waste molecular sieve catalyst and so on. The main preparation methods are wet method, electrolysis method and so on. Some scholars believe that the aluminum foil has the advantages of high recovery and reuse of economic value. He experimentally studied the optimum conditions for the preparation of polyaluminium chloride by using waste aluminum foil and the applicable range of the purified water.With the development of industry and the rapid growth of urban population, the pollution of water resources is becoming more and more serious. The sewage that needs to be purified is also increasing day by day, and the demand for water purifying agent is increasing.
Q:What is the principle of thermal insulated aluminum tape?
Aluminum tape uses quality pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs) and has various characteristics such as good stickiness, aging resistance and greatly enhanced heat preservation. Various width and length are available for 0.05mm-0.08mm specifications. Aluminum tape is suitable for the juncture pasting of all aluminum composite material, sealing the puncture of bar for line and damage repairing. It is the main and accessory material of refrigerator or freezer and also the necessary material for the sales department of thermal insulated material. aluminum tape is widely used in refrigerator, air conditioning, automobile, petrochemical, bridge, hotels and so on.
Q:The network structure of aluminum foil and separate line together with differences
This structure can prevent the wire broken insulation, and can be fixed easily through the internal structure, test.
Q:How many does one square meter of steel structure of the aluminum foil glass wool lap blanket cost?
Thickness and unit-weight is related to the price of glass wool.
Q:How to make aluminum foil paper?
A method to manufacture aluminum foil paper with forgery-proof watermark is made from paper pulp fiber. The production steps are as follows: Crash the pulp material with hydrapulper and beat with beater with beating degree of 20-70°SR and wet weight ≥0.5g; Add additives to the pulp: Filler 10-40%, sizing agent 1-8%, preservative 350ml/ton; Beating degree of 20-70°SR and wet weight ≥0.5g; Press the watermark net with die sinking, use watermark net at the vat of paper machine, reproduce the pulp into paper sheet with paper machine after being diluted, roll the sheet with calendar, slit the sheet into corresponding specification with slitter and then get the aluminum foil backing paper with forgery-proof watermark. The watermark of this invention is distributed uniformly, clearly visible as well as obviously rough and uneven in surface by touching, which has significant counterfeit effect, so it can be used to package the cigarette. Sovereignty item 1: A method to manufacture aluminum foil paper with forgery-proof watermark is made from paper pulp fiber. The production steps are as follows: a. Beating: Crash the pulp material with hydrapulper and beat with beater with beating degree of 20-70°SR and wet weight ≥0.5g; b. Composite pulp tank: Add additives to the pulp: Filler 10-40%, sizing agent 1-8%, preservative 350ml/ton; beating degree of 20-70°SR and wet weight ≥0.5g; c. Press the watermark net with die sinking, use watermark net at the vat of paper machine; d. Reproduce the pulp into paper sheet with paper machine after being diluted, roll the sheet with calendar, slit the sheet into corresponding specification with slitter and then get the aluminum foil backing paper with forgery-proof watermark; e. Composite aluminum foil with watermark aluminum foil backing paper to make aluminum foil paper with forgery-proof watermark.
Q:What's the aluminum-foil bag? What's the purpose of it? Is it poisonous? Can it be uesd in food industry?
Aluminum-foil bag is a kind of bag that using the ductility of aluminum and pressed by machine. There are some poisonous metal bags like external packing of capsule,capsule mounting and packing box of milk products.

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